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Location Uganda, Tororo
Central coordinates 34o 0.00' East  0o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 3,200 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 1,220m
Year of IBA assessment 2001


Site description Most of the Doho Rice Scheme in eastern Uganda was formerly a seasonal wetland on the River Manafwa flood-plain. Doho Rice Scheme is an area of intensive irrigated rice cultivation with adjacent areas of natural wetland, mainly in the south. The swamps immediately to the north of the scheme have also been drained for rice-growing by independent farmers referred to as ‘outgrowers’. The swamps to the north form part of the Lake Kyoga complex. All of the rice-fields have irrigation channels which supply water to the rice-paddies from River Manafwa. Rice cultivation has not destroyed the wetland, but has changed the character and flora of most of the area from a natural ecosystem to a managed artificial environment. The remaining natural vegetation consists of reeds Phragmites, floating grass Vossia and various species of sedge (Cyperaceae), including papyrus Cyperus papyrus. Wet grasslands dominate seasonal swamps.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. There is no information on the avifauna of the site before it was transformed by rice cultivation. However, the transformation has created conditions favourable for some species, particularly waders, whilst destroying the habitats of others.This wetland forms part of the Lake Kyoga basin and more research, especially in the remaining intact swamps, could reveal other species of interest at the site, especially papyrus endemics. The area is also important for breeding Balearica regulorum, and other species such as Ardea melanocephala, Threskiornis aethiopicus and Platalea alba breed in Busolwe, a nearby trading centre. Recently, over 800 nests of Bubulcus ibis were recorded at the heronry. The rice scheme is an important site for some migratory species and big congregations are occasionally recorded. Species such as Himantopus himantopus, Limosa limosa and Tringa erythropus are sometimes numerous.<

Non-bird biodiversity: The ungulate Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) is known from the swamps, where it is hunted by the surrounding communities.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus winter  1,420 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis winter  680 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola winter  13,400 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 high near favourable negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   36%
Unknown   3%
Forest   59%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Arinaitwe (1992), Arinaitwe and Byaruhanga (1995), Dodman and Taylor (1993, 1994, 1995, 1997), Gumonye-Mafabi (1991), Kigoolo (1995), Scott (1994)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Doho Rice Scheme. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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