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Location Uganda, Moyo
Central coordinates 31o 50.00' East  3o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 18,800 ha
Altitude 760 - 1,660m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description Mount Otzi Forest Reserve is located on an escarpment overlooking the confluence of the Achwa river with the White Nile as it flows into Sudan. It is bounded to the north by the international border with Sudan. About half of the area can broadly be classified as a Butyrospermum wooded savanna, whilst most of the rest is Combretum savanna with undifferentiated semi-deciduous thicket. Due to the sparse population density around the reserve, as well as steep slopes and rugged terrain which limit cultivation, it is mainly intact except for light encroached enclaves, mainly at the lower altitudes. To local people, the reserve is important for building materials, especially bamboo poles and non-timber products; it is not important for timber production. However, it is ranked highly for biodiversity conservation by the Forest Department. The forest is also important as a water catchment area

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Otzi Forest Reserve 18,800 is identical to site 18,800  
Otze Forest Wildlife Sanctuary 39 protected area contained by site 39  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   3%
Savanna   32%
Forest   63%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -
other -
Notes: Collection of non-timber forest products.

Other biodiversity Three restricted-range small mammals are known from Otzi, including the shrew Crocidura cyanea, formerly thought to be a southern African species. Crocidura selina, formerly known only from Mabira Forest (and categorized as endemic in Uganda with a restricted range), has also been recorded in Mount Otzi Forest Reserve.

References Davenport and Howard (1996), Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Otzi Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

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