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Location Uganda, Moyo
Central coordinates 31o 50.00' East  3o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 18,800 ha
Altitude 760 - 1,660m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description Mount Otzi Forest Reserve is located on an escarpment overlooking the confluence of the Achwa river with the White Nile as it flows into Sudan. It is bounded to the north by the international border with Sudan. About half of the area can broadly be classified as a Butyrospermum wooded savanna, whilst most of the rest is Combretum savanna with undifferentiated semi-deciduous thicket. Due to the sparse population density around the reserve, as well as steep slopes and rugged terrain which limit cultivation, it is mainly intact except for light encroached enclaves, mainly at the lower altitudes. To local people, the reserve is important for building materials, especially bamboo poles and non-timber products; it is not important for timber production. However, it is ranked highly for biodiversity conservation by the Forest Department. The forest is also important as a water catchment area

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. So far, 168 species of birds have been recorded. Among species restricted to the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, Falco alopex has only been recorded at only one other site in Uganda, Kidepo Valley (IBA UG030). This IBA is considered one of the richer areas in northern Uganda in terms of avifauna, with mainly open-habitat and savanna woodland species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Three restricted-range small mammals are known from Otzi, including the shrew Crocidura cyanea, formerly thought to be a southern African species. Crocidura selina, formerly known only from Mabira Forest (and categorized as endemic in Uganda with a restricted range), has also been recorded in Mount Otzi Forest Reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 low favourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Savanna   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Very little or no conservation action taking place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Otzi Forest Reserve 18,800 is identical to site 18,800  
Otze Forest Wildlife Sanctuary 39 protected area contained by site 39  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   3%
Savanna   32%
Forest   63%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -
other -
Notes: Collection of non-timber forest products.

References Davenport and Howard (1996), Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Otzi Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife