|Central coordinates||31o 10.00' East 3o 45.00' North|
|Altitude||915 - 1,330m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 3 for key species. Mount Kei lies in the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, which is reflected in the species composition of the reserve. A total of 175 species is known. The reserve contains several species known in Uganda only from this area, including Accipiter brevipes, Buteo auguralis, Merops orientalis, Euschistospiza dybowskii and Nectarinia osea.
Site description Mount Kei Forest Reserve (formerly Mount Kei Rhino Sanctuary) is in the extreme north-west of Uganda. The northern boundaries are the Kaya river and the international border with Sudan; the Kechi river is to the east. The reserve can broadly be classified into dry Combretum-Terminalia savanna and Butyrospermum savanna woodland. There is only a sparse human population around the reserve, and it is largely undisturbed, but for small-scale human activities and some agricultural encroachment along the southern border. It is also important as a source of fuelwood, building poles, medicinal plants and honey, and serves as a water catchment area, which is one reason for its retention—it contains no tropical forest.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Heuglin's Francolin Francolinus icterorhynchus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosa||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mount Kei||Wildlife Sanctuary||41,620||protected area contains site||38,400|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Collection of fuelwood, medicinal plants and honey.|
Other biodiversity There are more than 30 uncommon plant species in the reserve, three of them known in Uganda from this reserve only, i.e. Aeschynomene schimperi, Combretum racemosum and Morinda titanopylla. A shrew, Crocidura somalica, is known from no other site in Uganda.
Management considerations Many of the larger mammals (including the rhinos for which it was created a sanctuary) have been hunted to extinction. The relative remoteness of Mount Kei limits management activity, but there are no known serious threats to the continued existence of the reserve. However, the persistence of war in southern Sudan creates a refugee situation, which could be a potential danger to protected areas such as this one.
References Davenport and Howard (1996).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kei Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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