|Central coordinates||31o 10.00' East 2o 52.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||670 - 850m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The distinguishing feature of this Reserve is the presence of Ajai’s Island, from which it derives its name. This island lies in the middle of a seasonally waterlogged swamp called Ala, which is fed by two rivers, the Ala and the Acha. It lies immediately to the west of the Albert Nile, and comprises permanent swamp (including papyrus Cyperus papyrus) seasonal swamp, seasonally flooded woodlands and grasslands. The vegetation consists of Echinochloa grassland in the swampy areas bordering the Nile, while better-drained higher ground carries tree-savanna of Combretum, Acacia and Terminalia. The River Nile forms the major drainage for the reserve in the east, while the Acha, Ala and Linya rivers drain the peripheries into the Nile. Between June and January of most years the swamp is flooded, cutting off the island from the mainland. This is one of the factors responsible for the survival of wildlife in the reserve.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black-breasted Barbet Pogonornis rolleti||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Shoebill Balaeniceps rex||resident||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Piapiac Ptilostomus afer||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-cheeked Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ajai||Wildlife Reserve||14,800||protected area contained by site||14,800|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||2%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity The reserve was specifically gazetted to protect the mammal Ceratotherium simum (CR), which is now extinct in Uganda due to poaching. The reserve still has relatively healthy populations of other large mammals, such as antelope and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd).
References Stubblefield and Allan (1994), UNEP (1988a).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ajai Wildlife Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014
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