|Central coordinates||32o 34.00' East 0o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Lutembe Bay is a secluded backwater at the mouth of Lake Victoria’s Murchison Bay, between Kampala and Entebbe. It is shallow, fringed by papyrus Cyperus papyrus, and almost completely cut off from the main body of Lake Victoria by a papyrus island. The dominant vegetation is a mosaic of papyrus on the open waterside, with Miscanthus and Vossia towards the dry land. The bay extends into a Miscanthus swamp and merges with forest remnants to the north and with a recently cleared horticultural farm to the north-west on the landward side. Its protection from the wave action of the open water facilitated the establishment and proliferation of the invasive water hyacinth Eichhornia, although that has recently declined. The bay and its associated swamps are important for the surrounding communities as a source of raw materials for local crafts, building, water for domestic use and, probably more importantly, fish as food and income.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus||winter||1997||12,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica||winter||-||500-10,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus||winter||-||500,000-1,500,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||-||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Lutembe Bay Wetland System||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||98||is identical to site||800|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Lutembe Wetlands Users Association||2007|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||11%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Collection of natural materials for craftmaking and building; collection of water for domestic use.|
Other biodiversity Among mammals, the site supports Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) and Lutra maculicollis (VU).
References Arinaitwe (1997), Carswell (1986), Rose and Scott (1997), Taylor and Rose (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lutembe Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/03/2014
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