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Location Uganda, Kalangala
Central coordinates 32o 17.00' East  0o 18.00' South
IBA criteria A4i
Area 200 ha
Altitude 1,130 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001


Site description Lutoboka point is found on the eastern side of Lugala island, the largest (at c.200 km²) of the 84 islands in the Ssese island archipelago. Lutoboka point juts into Lutoboka Channel in Lake Victoria at the edge of Lutoboka Forest Reserve, a medium-altitude moist evergreen forest dominated by species of Piptadeniastrum and Uapaca. The most important area for breeding birds is the narrow strip of tall trees at the edge of the forest which is mainly within the Forest Reserve, but with small excursions into Kalangala town, the biggest urban centre on the islands. The edge of the Forest Reserve is covered by grassland, extending up towards the town.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The only detailed study of the birds of the islands was by the Forest Biodiversity Inventory Team, and this covered only the forests. A general checklist of birds for this site has yet to be compiled. The IBA Inventory Team also visited some forests on Lugala islands and a few selected sites on the shoreline near Kalangala Township and Banga rocks at the end of Lugala island (the biggest of the Ssese islands). Two small areas were identified as important for breeding Phalacrocorax carbo: 5,000 pairs (nests) were counted in trees at Lutoboka and 500 recorded on the Banga rocks at the southern tip of the island. It is estimated that the non-breeding population on the islands is much larger than the breeding population. Other notable species, such as Ploceus weynsi and Ploceus castanops (a species of the Lake Victoria Basin biome), also occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: Lugala island has probably been isolated from the mainland for at least 12,000 years, during which time a rodent species, Pelomys isseli, has evolved on Ssese and Kome islands. Another mammal, Tragelaphus spekei (LR/nt), is said to have an endemic race on the islands. Other endemic species include three butterflies: Acraea simulata, Thermoniphas togara bugalla and Acraea epaea. The Ssese islands contain over 12% of Uganda’s known tree and shrub species. Lasianthus sesseensis, a tree endemic to Uganda, is known from Ssese islands, and the Forest Biodiversity Inventory Team recorded eight species that were not recorded in any other forest of the 65 surveyed in the country.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  5,500 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 medium near favourable negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lutoboka Forest Reserve 380 protected area contains site 200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   89%
Forest   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection; charcoal production; collection of eggs of gulls Larus cirrocephalus.

References D’Abrera (1980), Davenport et al. (1996c), Delany (1969), Ingram et al. (1970), Osborn (in press).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lutoboka point (Ssese islands). Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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