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Location Uganda, Kalangala
Central coordinates 32o 17.00' East  0o 18.00' South
IBA criteria A4i
Area 200 ha
Altitude 1,130 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001


Site description Lutoboka point is found on the eastern side of Lugala island, the largest (at c.200 km²) of the 84 islands in the Ssese island archipelago. Lutoboka point juts into Lutoboka Channel in Lake Victoria at the edge of Lutoboka Forest Reserve, a medium-altitude moist evergreen forest dominated by species of Piptadeniastrum and Uapaca. The most important area for breeding birds is the narrow strip of tall trees at the edge of the forest which is mainly within the Forest Reserve, but with small excursions into Kalangala town, the biggest urban centre on the islands. The edge of the Forest Reserve is covered by grassland, extending up towards the town.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  5,500 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  1998    Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  1998    Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  1998    Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lutoboka Forest Reserve 380 protected area contains site 200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   89%
Forest   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection; charcoal production; collection of eggs of gulls Larus cirrocephalus.

Other biodiversity Lugala island has probably been isolated from the mainland for at least 12,000 years, during which time a rodent species, Pelomys isseli, has evolved on Ssese and Kome islands. Another mammal, Tragelaphus spekei (LR/nt), is said to have an endemic race on the islands. Other endemic species include three butterflies: Acraea simulata, Thermoniphas togara bugalla and Acraea epaea. The Ssese islands contain over 12% of Uganda’s known tree and shrub species. Lasianthus sesseensis, a tree endemic to Uganda, is known from Ssese islands, and the Forest Biodiversity Inventory Team recorded eight species that were not recorded in any other forest of the 65 surveyed in the country.

References D’Abrera (1980), Davenport et al. (1996c), Delany (1969), Ingram et al. (1970), Osborn (in press).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lutoboka point (Ssese islands). Downloaded from on 18/04/2014

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