|Central coordinates||30o 55.00' East 0o 40.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||1,280 - 1,520m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This is a relatively new National Park, having been gazetted in 1982. Hilly and upland areas dominate the north-western part and the River Ruizi and an interlinking chain of lakes occupy the southern parts. From west to east these are: Mburo, Kigambira, Mutukula, Kazuma and Bwara. The Park contains a wide variety of habitat-types, which give it a surprisingly high diversity of animals and plants for its size. Acacia trees are widespread in many areas, such as well-drained hillsides and low-lying hilltops—places which were formerly much more open and which provided good grazing for cattle and wildlife. The present extent of the Acacia can probably be attributed to overgrazing and frequent burning.Today, there has been a reduction in the diversity of large mammals, as a result of human activity which, over the years, has included hunting, eradication of tsetse fly Glossina, and habitat destruction through cultivation and settlement. Some large mammals, such as Loxodonta africana and Diceros bicornis, are believed to have existed in the area formerly, but have been extinct for many years. Others, such as Panthera leo and Hippotragus equinus, have disappeared in recent years. Rainfall is fairly low and tends to be erratic and unreliable, causing shortage of pastures and thus affecting the behaviour of wildlife and creating demands on the park by local pastoralists. The Park’s location near the Masaka–Mbarara highway makes it easily accessible from Kampala. There are a number of tourist facilities and an education centre.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||winter||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||Near Threatened|
|Shoebill Balaeniceps rex||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Great Snipe Gallinago media||winter||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||Near Threatened|
|Red-faced Barbet Lybius rubrifacies||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Lake Mburo||National Park||37,000||is identical to site||37,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||14%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Lake Mburo is the only National Park in Uganda in which the ungulate Aepyceros melampus (LR/cd) is found.
References Busulwa (1993), Infield and Namara (2001), Kamugisha and Stahl (1993), Muhweezi (1994), Pomeroy and Kasoma (1993), Reynolds and Pomeroy (1993), UNEP (1988a), Snelson and Wilson (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Mburo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2013
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