|Central coordinates||30o 9.54' East 0o 7.38' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||915 - 1,110m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The reserve (KWR) lies immediately south of Lake George (a Ramsar Site), and east of Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP: IBA UG007) where the Kazinga Channel leaves the lake, flowing towards Lake Edward. Although KWR has similar ecosystems to QENP, the natural barriers formed by the Kyambura Gorge and Kazinga Channel make it possible to manage the area as a separate entity. KWR serves as a buffer zone for the north-eastern part of QENP.There is no land connection between the reserve and the park, animals simply fording the Kyambura river where it is shallowest during the dry seasons to move between the protected areas. The river gorge supports a high-canopy tropical forest which grades to a swamp-forest and papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) swamp near the river mouth. The eastern border follows Buhindagi river from Lake George, south-east to Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve (a moist semi-deciduous forest not presently included within the IBA) where the boundaries of the Forest and Wildlife Reserves abut. A road from the main Mbarara–Kasese highway runs up to Kashaka fish-landing site, bisecting the reserve.There are seven volcanic crater-lakes, both fresh and saline, in the reserve, the most significant of which are the saline Lakes Nshenyi, Bagusa and Maseche; Lakes Chibwera, Kinera, Kararo and Kyamwiga have fresh water.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||non-breeding||1999||30,000 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|Shoebill Balaeniceps rex||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus||non-breeding||1998||4,100 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Snipe Gallinago media||winter||1998||unknown [units unknown]||-||Near Threatened|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea||winter||1998||unknown [units unknown]||-||Vulnerable|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||-||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kyambura||Wildlife Reserve||15,400||is identical to site||15,400|
|Queen Elizabeth||National Park||205,600||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Queen Elizabeth National Park||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||739,500||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||3%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Firewood collection.|
Other biodiversity Threatened mammals include Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Pan troglodytes (EN).
References Allan (1994), Chapin (1953), UNEP (1988a), Zandri and Viskanic (1992).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kyambura Wildlife Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/03/2014
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