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Location Uganda, Bushenyi,Kasese,Rukunguri
Central coordinates 29o 59.04' East  0o 11.70' South
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 270,000 ha
Altitude 910 - 1,365m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP, popularly known as ‘QE’) lies in the Western Rift Valley. Its creation in 1952 recognized its varied habitats, including grassland, woodland, moist tropical forest and wetlands, including both freshwater rivers and lakes and saline crater-lakes. In the south-east, the Kigezi Wildlife Reserve (adjacent to the park, within the IBA) continues into the Maramagambo forest (partly within the park, wholly within the IBA), and up to Kalinzu Forest Reserve (which lies outside the IBA). These are medium-altitude, semi-deciduous forests, covering c.40,000 ha in total.The escarpment of the Western or Albertine Rift Valley forms part of the eastern boundary of the park. The IBA includes the whole of Lake George, as well as the wetlands to the north of the lake (totalling c.25,000 ha). These wetlands, difficult of access, comprise the only designated Ramsar Site in Uganda (Lake George itself is not part of the Ramsar Site). Lake George is connected to Lake Edward by the 32-km-long Kazinga Channel, which also roughly bisects the park into northern and southern sectors. To the north, QENP is contiguous with Kibale National Park (IBA UG006), and with Kyambura Wildlife Reserve (UG008) to the north-east.A number of crater-lakes, derived from eruptions during the mid-Pleistocene, are found in the north and north-east, the most prominent being Lake Katwe, whose salt deposits have been mined for centuries. Lakes Katwe, Munyanyange and Kasenyi, which are all saline, are outside the park’s boundaries, but belong to Kazinga Wildlife Sanctuary and have been included within this IBA. Katwe town and 12 other settlements, mainly fishing communities, are found within QENP, having been demarcated at the time of gazettement to allow for the exploitation of the rich fish-resources of Lakes Edward and George. Katwe town also flourishes because of salt-exploitation from Lake Katwe.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae winter  1998  present  A1  Endangered 
Shoebill Balaeniceps rex resident  1998  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus non-breeding  1999  1,800 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1998  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Sterna nilotica non-breeding  1999  1,200 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris non-breeding  1999  650 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Uganda Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kazinga Wildlife Sanctuary 1,749 protected area contained by site 1,749  
Kigezi Wildlife Reserve 26,500 protected area contained by site 26,500  
Kyambura Wildlife Reserve 15,400 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Lake George Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 15,000 protected area contained by site 15,000  
Queen Elizabeth National Park 205,600 protected area contained by site 205,600  
Queen Elizabeth National Park UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 739,500 protected area contained by site 270,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Katwe Tourism and Information Centre 1998

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   16%
Wetlands (inland)   20%
Shrubland   5%
Savanna   4%
Grassland   2%
Forest   51%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

Other biodiversity Among threatened mammals, there are good populations of Loxodonta africana (EN) and Pan troglodytes (EN).

References Arinaitwe (1994), Byaruhanga and Arinaitwe (1996), Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993), Kasoma (1989), Ogilvie-Grant (1906), Olivier (1990), UNEP (1988a), Wilson (1995), Zandri and Viskanic (1992).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife