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Location Uganda, Kabarole
Central coordinates 30o 22.38' East  0o 25.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 80,000 ha
Altitude 920 - 1,590m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description This National Park is contiguous with Queen Elizabeth National Park (IBA UG007) in the south. It occupies undulating terrain on the main Uganda plateau, slightly tilted to the south, and is drained by the Mpanga and Dura rivers flowing in a southerly direction and emptying into Lake George. Well over half of the park (c.45,000 ha) is occupied by various types of forest vegetation that can be broadly classified as medium-altitude moist evergreen forest in the north, and medium-altitude moist semi-deciduous forest at lower altitudes in the south. So far, 229 species of tree and shrub have been recorded. While still a Forest Reserve, the area was subjected to varying intensities of logging and a number of compartments are at various stages of regeneration. The remainder of the park is occupied by grassland and swamp communities, some of which were planted with non-native trees of Pinus and Cupressus; these are currently being removed. In other parts, the grassland is being colonized by natural forest. The Lake George Ramsar Site (UG007) cuts across the extreme south-western corner of the park, south of Rwimi river. The Makerere University Biological Field Station is based at Kanyawara, towards the north of the park; it has a substation at Ngogo. There is an ecotourism site near the park headquarters at Kanyancu.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nahan's Partridge Ptilopachus nahani resident  1998  present  A3  Endangered 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Ruwenzori Turaco Gallirex johnstoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  1998  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Campethera tullbergi resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-breasted Pitta Pitta reichenowi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-green Bush-shrike Telophorus bocagei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Crested-flycatcher Elminia albiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Masked Apalis Apalis binotata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Uganda Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Ground-thrush Zoothera oberlaenderi resident  1998  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-eared Ground-thrush Zoothera camaronensis resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Malimbe Malimbus erythrogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  1998  present  A2  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Citril Serinus frontalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kibale National Park 76,600 is identical to site 76,600  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   6%
Unknown   1%
Savanna   7%
Forest   83%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -
Notes: Harvesting of wild coffee.

Other biodiversity The forest of this park lies close to the site of a postulated Pleistocene forest refugium in the Albertine Rift area. This has resulted in a diverse community of forest species, which also includes many Congo-Basin species at the eastern limits of their ranges. Four important timber species are of conservation concern: Milicia excelsa (LR/nt), Cordia millenii, Entandrophragma angolense(VU) and Lovoa swynnertonii (EN). The park supports a rich fauna, including mammals of global conservation concern such as Loxodonta africana (EN), chimpanzee Pan troglodytes (EN), Procolobus badius and Cercopithecus l’hoesti (LR/nt), as well as the butterfly Papilio antimachus (DD).

References Dranzoa (1996), Howard (1991), Langdale-Brown et al. (1964), Osmaston (1959), Rossouw and Sacchi (1998), Wing and Buss (1970).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kibale National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife