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Location Uganda, Kabale,Kisoro
Central coordinates 29o 48.96' East  1o 16.38' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 3,600 ha
Altitude 2,270 - 2,570m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description This site is mostly forest (the 3,400 ha Echuya Forest Reserve) , but includes a permanent high-altitude swamp (Muchuya) at 2,300 m, about 7 km long by up to 750 m wide, in a narrow valley surrounded by steep forested hillsides. The swamp vegetation is dominated by sedges Carex and includes tussock vegetation and giant lobelias. The swamp drains north-west into the Murindi river. The reserve is dominated by Hagenia-Rapanea moist montane forest and montane bamboo Arundinaria. Echuya may not be as diverse overall as other Ugandan forests, but in terms of the conservation value of the species represented (based on their worldwide distributions and occurrence in Ugandan forests), Echuya is ranked among the top 10% of the 65 sites visited by the Forest Biodiversity Inventory Team.Densely populated agricultural land surrounds the Forest Reserve, although agricultural encroachment appears not to be significant. However, the reserve is used as the main source of bamboo for building and crafts by the local communities. Batwa have traditionally lived in the forest and continue to earn their living from various forms of resource extraction.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Handsome Francolin Francolinus nobilis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Turaco Ruwenzorornis johnstoni resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaeus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Tit Parus fasciiventer resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera tanganjicae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Archer's Robin-chat Cossypha archeri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Sunbird Nectarinia alinae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Regal Sunbird Nectarinia regia resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Echuya Forest Reserve 3,578 protected area contained by site 3,578  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   38%
Forest   61%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -
other -
Notes: Collection of forest products.

Other biodiversity There are four Albertine-endemic small mammals, namely Lophuromys woosnami, Dasymys montanus (VU), Myosorex blarina (VU) and Sylvisorex lunaris. The rare Delanymys brooksi (restricted to montane swamps) also occurs.

References Davenport et al. (1996b), Kingdon (1971–1974), Marks and Gnoske (1997), Rossouw and Sacchi (1998), Scott et al. (1994).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Echuya Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife