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Location Tanzania, Kagera
Central coordinates 31o 30.00' East  1o 5.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 31,142 ha
Altitude 1,143 - 1,180m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Minziro Forest Reserve is a groundwater-forest with extensive areas of grassland. Kere Hill, a small rock outcrop at 1,180 m, lies within the reserve and the village of Minziro at 1,330 m sits on higher ground with the Forest Reserve extending around it. To the south and east is the Kagera river while the northern boundary is formed by the international border with Uganda. North of the border the contiguous forest is known as Malabigambo Forest Reserve, one of the Sango Bay forests. Minziro is the largest forested area in north-west Tanzania and is essentially an outlier of the Guinea–Congo lowland forests. A few kilometres to the south the vegetation changes dramatically on the higher plateau country of Kagera Region. Minziro is therefore a unique habitat-type in Tanzania. The only significant tree of economic value is Podocarpus, but this has been heavily exploited and few large trees remain. A stretch of the Kagera river with stands of papyrus Cyperus papyrus is included in this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jameson's Wattle-eye Platysteira jamesoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Masked Apalis Apalis binotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Minziro Forest Reserve 3,114,200 is identical to site 31,142  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   2%
Shrubland   5%
Savanna   10%
Forest   80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity The form adolfi-friederici of the primate Colobus angolensis occurs in Minziro.

References Baker and Baker (1994), Baker and Hirslund (1987), Davenport and Howard (1996), Kingdon (1971), Rodgers (1981).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Minziro Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife