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Location Tanzania, Mbeya
Central coordinates 33o 44.04' East  9o 6.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 2,718m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Mount Rungwe and its associated belt of forest dominates the mountainous country north-west of Lake Nyasa. The impressive crater lake of Ngozi lies 10 km north-west of Mount Rungwe, encircled by the Mporoto Ridge Forest Reserve. To the east of Mount Rungwe is the Livingstone Forest Reserve which cloaks the steep escarpment of the Lake Nyasa Trough, overlooking Mwakalele town, and which is included within site TZ073. Common trees in these montane forests include Aphloia theiformis, Ficalhoa laurifolia, Maesa lanceolata, Trichocladus ellipticus, Albizia gummifera and Bersama abyssinica. There are extensive stands of bamboo in some forests and a belt of heathland on Mount Rungwe above 2,600 m. Grassland and forest-edge habitats within these Forest Reserves are becoming increasingly important for threatened birds as agriculture expands into marginal areas. Rungwe Catchment Forest Reserve (CFR) (13,652 ha), Livingstone CFR (26,366 ha) and Mporoto CFR (13,652 ha) are the three largest forest areas included in the IBA. Also included are eight smaller Forest Reserves: Ihoho CFR (380 ha), Sawago CFR (907 ha), Kitweli CFR (234 ha), Irenge CFR (635 ha), Chuvwi CFR (486 ha), Ngalijembe Local Authority Catchment Forest Reserve (LACFR) (260 ha, 50% plantation), Kyejo LACFR (693 ha) and Irungu LACFR (1,850). The south-eastern slopes of these mountains receive up to 3,000 mm of rainfall per annum, the highest in Tanzania.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Ploceus bertrandi occurs here, a largely sedentary and solitary species of forest-edge and riverine scrub habitat at higher elevations. The status of Hirundo atrocaerulea is unknown, but it is likely to occur rarely.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo vosseleri resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Uhehe Fiscal Lanius marwitzi resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Churring Cisticola Cisticola njombe resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Tailorbird Artisornis metopias resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Iringa Akalat Sheppardia lowei resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Olive-flanked Robin-chat Cossypha anomala resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-bellied Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bertrand's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-shouldered Widowbird Euplectes psammocromius resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus whytii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Kipengere Seedeater Serinus melanochrous resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rungwe State Forest Reserve 47,028 protected area contains site 31,542  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   3%
Forest   96%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -

References Bangs and Loveridge (1933), Boulton (1931), McKone and Walzem (1994).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Rungwe. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife