email a friend
printable version
Location Tanzania, Dodoma,Morogoro
Central coordinates 36o 40.38' East  7o 4.08' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 2,286m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Rubeho mountains form a dissected plateau in the centre of the Eastern Arc mountains where the mountain chain skirts the western edge of Mikumi National Park (TZ006) and the Mkata plain. To the north, across the valley of the Mkondoa river, lie the Kiboriani and Ukaguru mountains (TZ067), while to the south, beyond the Ruaha river, are the Udzungwa mountains (TZ066). Only three Forest Reserves are listed for these mountains and are included in the IBA: Ukwiva (54,635 ha), Mafwemiro (3,238 ha) and Mangalisa (4,988 ha). Ukwiva covers the main highland block and rises from the Myombo river valley at 1,000 m to Ledengombe peak at 1,941 m. The western part of the reserve comprises dry montane forest at 1,600–1,700 m with a low canopy of 10–15 m, dominated by Macaranga kilimandscharica in the valleys. However, the eastern edge of the reserve is much more humid and undisturbed, except by elephants Loxodonta africana. Mafwemiro sits across the southern arm of the north-western plateau which rises to 2,152 m. Mangalisa covers the top plateau of an isolated mountain block in the Great Ruaha river basin, lies 15 km west of the main plateau and rises to 2,286 m. Its vegetation comprises semi-evergreen woodland patches and rather disturbed forest in the northern part and mature Podocarpus-dominated forest in the southern part.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Udzungwa Forest-partridge Xenoperdix udzungwensis resident  2000  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Bubo vosseleri resident  2000  present  A1, A2  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Uhehe Fiscal Lanius marwitzi resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Tailorbird Artisornis metopias resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Mrs Moreau's Warbler Bathmocercus winifredae resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Iringa Akalat Sheppardia lowei resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Olive-flanked Robin-chat Cossypha anomala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Moreau's Sunbird Nectarinia moreaui resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bertrand's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Usambara Weaver Ploceus nicolli resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mafwomero Forest Reserve 332,932 protected area contained by site 3,329  
Mang'alisa Forest Reserve 589,689 protected area contained by site 5,897  
Ukwiva Forest Reserve 3,583,630 protected area contained by site 35,836  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity Among mammals, Loxodonta africana (EN) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd) use Ukwiva Forest Reserve and at least some of these animals may move on an annual basis between these forests and Mikumi NP; Cephalophus natalensis (LR/cd) occurs on Mangalisa.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Fjeldså et al. (1997), Lovett and Pócs (1993), Lovett and Wasser (1993).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rubeho Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife