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Location Tanzania, Morogoro
Central coordinates 37o 33.66' East  6o 5.16' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 32,000 ha
Altitude 380 - 2,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Nguru mountains are a spectacular collection of peaks, cliff-faces and forest-covered slopes, many far too steep for any cultivation. Although they are further inland than the Uluguru mountains (TZ068), 80 km to the south, they are sufficiently exposed to the wet south-east trade winds that local rainfall is high (annual mean 1,800 mm.). There are only three Forest Reserves of any size in the mountains: Nguru South Catchment Forest Reserve (CFR) (at 19,793 ha, one of the largest undisturbed blocks of montane forest remaining in Tanzania), Mkindo CFR (7,451 ha) and Kanga South CFR (6,664 ha). Kanga CFR is somewhat isolated to the north-east of the main block by the Mjonga river valley. The mountain range is separated from the Ulugurus by the flood-plain of the Mkata and Wami rivers, and from the Ukagurus (TZ067) 50 km to the south-west by extensive lower hills cloaked in Brachystegia woodland. To the north lie the Nguu mountains (TZ060) and to the north-west a series of hills descend to the dry Masai steppe. At the steep eastern foot of the mountains the coastal plain extends through rich woodland to the coast 120 km away.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo vosseleri resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Tailorbird Artisornis metopias resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Banded Sunbird Anthreptes rubritorques resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Moreau's Sunbird Nectarinia moreaui resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bertrand's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kanga Forest Reserve 718,343 protected area contained by site 7,183  
Mkindo (or Mikindo) Forest Reserve 524,400 protected area contained by site 5,244  
Nguru South Forest Reserve 1,964,600 protected area contained by site 19,646  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   1%
Forest   98%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity There is little information available for other animal groups, although an endemic chameleon Rhampholeon sp. nov. has been collected, and several of the Eastern Arc endemic reptiles and amphibians are recorded. Kanga is rich in endemic and rare plants while Nguru South contains over 40 endemic woody plants.

References Chamshama et al. (1990), Fjeldså and Rabøl (1995), Lovett and Wasser (1993), Pócs et al. (1990), Seddon et al. (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nguru Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife