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Location Tanzania, Iringa
Central coordinates 34o 45.78' East  9o 47.64' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 10,802 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,488m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description These mountains form the high ground along the north-east coast of Lake Nyasa, inland to the plateau country south of Njombe. The escarpment, rising to 2,488 m within only 4 km of the Lake, is steep, largely inaccessible and virtually uninhabited. The extent of forest cover is unknown, but it is likely that there is some gallery forest along the escarpment. The highest ground is separated from the main plateau by a series of rivers that drain south-west directly into Lake Nyasa and south-east into the Ruhuhu river before emerging into Lake Nyasa 60 km to the south. The more fertile valleys are densely settled in some areas; there has been some cultivation of the higher ground and some erosion on the steeper slopes. There are 13 Forest Reserves listed for Ludewa District, lying in the Livingstone Mountains. Of these, information has only been traced on four: Madenge (1,146 ha), Mdando (5,140 ha), Msiora (315 ha) and Sakaranyumo (840 ha). These areas only are included in the IBA at present.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Uhehe Fiscal Lanius marwitzi resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding  2000  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Churring Cisticola Cisticola njombe resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Tailorbird Artisornis metopias resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Iringa Akalat Sheppardia lowei resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Olive-flanked Robin-chat Cossypha anomala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-bellied Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia fuelleborni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bertrand's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-shouldered Widowbird Euplectes psammocromius resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus whytii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Kipengere Seedeater Serinus melanochrous resident  2000  unknown  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Forest Reserve Name Unknown No. 5 Forest Reserve 4,385 unknown 0  
Idamba Forest Reserve 38 protected area contained by site 38  
Ikonde Forest Reserve 105 protected area contained by site 105  
Isililo Forest Reserve 93 protected area contained by site 93  
Madenge Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 1,146  
Mdando Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 5,140  
Mtunguru Forest Reserve 768,757 protected area overlaps with site 3,000  
Musiora Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 315  
Ngongwa-Busangi Forest Reserve 4,660,106 protected area overlaps with site 50  
Nguluka Forest Reserve 60 protected area contained by site 60  
Sakaranyumo Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 840  
Sisu Forest Reserve 189,179 protected area overlaps with site 15  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Britton (1980), Fottland (1996).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Livingstone Mountains forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife