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Location Tanzania, Tanga
Central coordinates 38o 45.00' East  5o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 4,600 ha
Altitude 0 - 120m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Pangani District is centred on the Pangani river which enters the Indian Ocean at the town of Pangani. The land slopes gently away from the coast to meet rolling hills. There are four Forest Reserves listed for Pangani District: Msumbugwe (4,407 ha), Garafuno (195 ha, shared with TZ054), Jasini (117 ha) and Mangrove-Pangani (600 ha mangrove), of which the latter two are not thought to be of importance for birds and are excluded from the IBA. There may also be some coastal forest in the Mkwaja Ranch area worthy of investigation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Kretschmer's Longbill Macrosphenus kretschmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zanzibar Bishop Euplectes nigroventris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Garafuno Forest Reserve 28,879 protected area overlaps with site 195  
Msumbugwe Forest Reserve 255,951 protected area contained by site 2,560  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   21%
Forest   78%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity There are endemic mammals, reptiles, amphibians and plants. The tree Stuhlmannia moavi is considered endemic to the area.

References Burgess and Clarke (2000), Clarke and Stubblefield (1995), Faldborg et al. (1991), Fottland (1996), Hawthorn (1984), Polhill (1968).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pangani District Coastal Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife