|Central coordinates||38o 30.00' East 5o 30.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||80 - 545m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. To date, a total of 57 species including Tauraco fischeri, Anthreptes reichenowi, Phyllastrephus fischeri and Erythrocercus holochlorus have been recorded. Circaetus fasciolatus has recently been recorded from the Gendagenda area. All the typical coastal forest species that are known from nearby Msumbugwe Forest Reserve (TZ056) can be expected at this site. Zoothera guttata is likely to occur on passage.
Site description Handeni District lies inland of Pangani District (TZ056). It runs west a further 120 km to the Nguu mountains (TZ060) and is one of the few districts to contain both coastal and montane forest. Inland of the coastal lowlands the land rises gradually and becomes dryer, forest giving way to woodland. Six Forest Reserves in Handeni District have affinities with coastal forest habitat: Gendagenda North (1,295 ha), Gendagenda South (1,919 ha), Bondo (328 ha), Mtunguru (2,305 ha), Kwasumba (2,933 ha) and Magambazi (750 ha). Of these, only the two Gendagenda forests have been investigated for birds and are included in the IBA.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Pale-billed Hornbill Tockus pallidirostris||resident||2000||-||-||Least Concern|
|African Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-breasted Barbet Lybius melanopterus||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa||resident||2000||-||-||Least Concern|
|Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus||resident||2000||-||-||Least Concern|
|Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Garafuno||Forest Reserve||28,879||protected area overlaps with site||94|
|South Gendagenda||Forest Reserve||3,231||protected area contains site||3,214|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Clarke and Stubblefield (1995) list 26 mammal species, three forest-dependent reptiles, nine amphibians and three near-endemic plants.
Management considerations Although large areas are sparsely populated, shifting cultivation is reducing forest and woodland to scrub and secondary growth. All the usual problems of timber removal, pole-cutting, fire, agricultural encroachment and hunting are occurring. Persistent burning is encroaching on remaining forest and preventing forest regeneration outside reserves. Gendagenda faces more intensive human use than many other coastal forests and may become degraded beyond repair in the near future. Consideration should be given to creating fuelwood plantations away from, but within walking distance of, Gendagenda Forest Reserve.
References Clarke and Stubblefield (1995), Fottland (1996), Hawthorn (1984).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Handeni District Coastal Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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