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Location Tanzania, Tanga
Central coordinates 38o 30.00' East  5o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 12,000 ha
Altitude 80 - 545m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Handeni District lies inland of Pangani District (TZ056). It runs west a further 120 km to the Nguu mountains (TZ060) and is one of the few districts to contain both coastal and montane forest. Inland of the coastal lowlands the land rises gradually and becomes dryer, forest giving way to woodland. Six Forest Reserves in Handeni District have affinities with coastal forest habitat: Gendagenda North (1,295 ha), Gendagenda South (1,919 ha), Bondo (328 ha), Mtunguru (2,305 ha), Kwasumba (2,933 ha) and Magambazi (750 ha). Of these, only the two Gendagenda forests have been investigated for birds and are included in the IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Garafuno Forest Reserve 28,879 protected area overlaps with site 289  
Gendagenda North Forest Reserve 1,295 protected area contained by site 1,295  
Mtunguru Forest Reserve 768,757 protected area contained by site 7,688  
South Gendagenda Forest Reserve 3,231 protected area contained by site 1,919  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   1%
Forest   98%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -

Other biodiversity Clarke and Stubblefield (1995) list 26 mammal species, three forest-dependent reptiles, nine amphibians and three near-endemic plants.

References Clarke and Stubblefield (1995), Fottland (1996), Hawthorn (1984).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Handeni District Coastal Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014

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