|Location||Tanzania, Dar es Salaam|
|Central coordinates||39o 10.00' East 7o 0.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||100 - 200m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Circaetus fasciolatus is a low-density resident in both forests. There are several recent records of Anthus sokokensis from Dondwe whilst Zoothera guttata is a regular passage migrant and Sheppardia gunningi a low-density resident. Forest species at Pande include Apaloderma narina, Smithornis capensis, Dicrurus ludwigii, Phyllastrephus flavostriatus, Neocossyphus rufus and Erythrocercus holochlorus. The avifauna of Dondwe forests is similar to that of the nearby Pugu Hills forests (TZ047) and includes the usual species found north of the Rufiji Delta including the locally endemic Trichastoma rufipennis puguensis.
Site description The site comprises two small, forested areas on the outskirts of the city of Dar es Salaam: Pande Game Reserve (1,226 ha) to the north-west of the city and Dondwe forest (area unknown) to the south. Pande covers a low sandstone ridge 16 km from the Indian Ocean and 6 km from the Dar es Salaam to Bagamoyo road. Four distinct tree-species assemblages have been described. The remaining forest is surrounded by fire-maintained grassland and secondary scrub. Dondwe forest is rather ill-defined and is not mapped. The forested area so far identified is centred on an open prison and a private farm. Parts of Dondwe flood seasonally.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|African Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-breasted Barbet Lybius melanopterus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata||passage||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|East Coast Akalat Sheppardia gunningi||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lesser Seedcracker Pyrenestes minor||resident||2000||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis||resident||2000||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dondwe||Forest Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||374|
|Pande||Forest Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||1,226|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Three endemic plants and two near-endemics are known from Pande.
Management considerations Dondwe requires careful mapping to identify remaining forest and discussions held with owners and stakeholders, with a view to it being given protected status. The fate of Pande forest has been a regular local news item for at least 15 years and it is now nominally protected as a Game Reserve. During the 1980s and early 1990s Pande was used as a source of charcoal, fuelwood and timber by members of the armed forces. By 1990 most of the large trees had been removed and smaller ones were regularly being cut.
References Burgess and Clarke (in press), Burgess, Huxham et al. (1991), Clarke and Dickinson (1995).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2013
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