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Location Tanzania, Dar es Salaam
Central coordinates 39o 10.00' East  7o 0.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,600 ha
Altitude 100 - 200m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site comprises two small, forested areas on the outskirts of the city of Dar es Salaam: Pande Game Reserve (1,226 ha) to the north-west of the city and Dondwe forest (area unknown) to the south. Pande covers a low sandstone ridge 16 km from the Indian Ocean and 6 km from the Dar es Salaam to Bagamoyo road. Four distinct tree-species assemblages have been described. The remaining forest is surrounded by fire-maintained grassland and secondary scrub. Dondwe forest is rather ill-defined and is not mapped. The forested area so far identified is centred on an open prison and a private farm. Parts of Dondwe flood seasonally.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Circaetus fasciolatus is a low-density resident in both forests. There are several recent records of Anthus sokokensis from Dondwe whilst Zoothera guttata is a regular passage migrant and Sheppardia gunningi a low-density resident. Forest species at Pande include Apaloderma narina, Smithornis capensis, Dicrurus ludwigii, Phyllastrephus flavostriatus, Neocossyphus rufus and Erythrocercus holochlorus. The avifauna of Dondwe forests is similar to that of the nearby Pugu Hills forests (TZ047) and includes the usual species found north of the Rufiji Delta including the locally endemic Trichastoma rufipennis puguensis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Three endemic plants and two near-endemics are known from Pande.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata passage  2000  present  A1  Endangered 
East Coast Akalat Sheppardia gunningi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Seedcracker Pyrenestes minor resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed low
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dondwe Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 374  
Pande Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 1,226  
Pande Game Reserve 1,252 protected area contained by site 1,252  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   35%
Forest   64%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

References Burgess and Clarke (in press), Burgess, Huxham et al. (1991), Clarke and Dickinson (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife