|Central coordinates||34o 42.00' East 4o 18.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Singida town sits on a raised plateau at the south-western end of the Mbulu Highlands and between the two lakes, Singida and Kandai, which comprise the IBA. The western arm of the Eastern Rift lies to the north and west and the eastern arm to the east. The two lakes are typical Rift Valley lakes and receive rainwater only from the surrounding low-lying hills. Lake Singida is the more alkaline and the more likely to evaporate completely during dry periods. Lake Kindai, although fresher, appears to attract fewer birds, but there is extensive movement between the two. Beyond the northern end of Lake Kindai lies a marsh, its size dependent on lake levels and local rainfall.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Although rarely visited by ornithologists, the lakes are of great importance to waterbirds. Several species probably occur in numbers greater than are currently known, particularly Thalassornis leuconotus. Over 1,000 Pelecanus onocrotalus have been recorded. A count of 7,000 Limosa limosa in December 1993 was by far the highest ever count within East Africa and evidence of a previously unknown wintering population. There are no known counts of flamingos but both species are included here on anecdotal evidence. There is no doubt that both lakes, especially Lake Singida, are seasonally important to the Rift Valley population of these birds. A single flock of more than 1,000 Falco naumanni was recorded on grass plains north-east of the lake, but it is not clear if the site is regularly used.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-billed Teal Anas erythrorhyncha||winter||1993||30,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||-||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||winter||-||20,000 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata||winter||1993||10,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus||winter||1995||2,100 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa||winter||1993||7,000 individuals||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Sterna nilotica||winter||1994||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||50,000-99,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||2%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Trapping of larger waterbirds for international trade.|
References Baker (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Singida lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2015
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