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Location Tanzania, Kagera
Central coordinates 30o 50.00' East  1o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 111,600 ha
Altitude 1,400 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The Kagera river forms the border between Tanzania and Rwanda. As it flows north between the two countries, it passes through a series of lakes and swamps for some 100 km. These are surrounded by a series of low rolling hills which, in Tanzania, are extensively cultivated, but within Rwanda are within the Akagera National Park (IBA RW003). The swamps and lakes are characterized by extensive stands of papyrus Cyperus papyrus. The Ibanda Arena Game Reserve (20,000 ha), in the extreme north-west of Tanzania, is included in the IBA, the boundaries of which remain provisional, but nothing is known of its avifauna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-faced Barbet Lybius rubrifacies resident  2000  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Ring-necked Francolin Scleroptila streptophora resident  2000  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris resident  2000  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   16%
Wetlands (inland)   10%
Shrubland   27%
Grassland   19%
Forest   25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Baker and Baker (1994a), Schouteden (1966), Vande weghe (1974, 1992).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kagera swamps. Downloaded from on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife