|Location||Tanzania, Dar es Salaam|
|Central coordinates||39o 19.00' East 6o 50.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The city of Dar es Salaam sits on a natural harbour backed by low hills. The IBA runs from the open bay of Ras Kiramoni in the north, up to and including Ndege Beach, to Ras Ndege, east of Mbwamaji village—a total length of 40 km. The inland limit of the site is the high-tide mark, but this is extended in places to include mangroves and salt-workings. To the seaward side the site extends out to the 12 km international limit. This allows inclusion of important feeding grounds for several seabirds which rarely venture inshore of the coral reef. Within the IBA are tidal mudflats, river inlets, saltpans, extensive mangroves, coastal thicket and several offshore islands which create a remarkably diverse coastal environment. With a tidal range of nearly four metres, up to 25 km² of exposed sand and mud can be available to birds at low tide.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. A total of 457 species have been recorded from the site. The area is of major importance to migratory waders from northern Eurasia, supporting about 30,000 birds. This includes large numbers of Calidris ferruginea, Calidris minuta and Pluvialis squatarola. Large flocks of some species, notably Tringa nebularia and Charadrius mongolus, are a feature of the return migration to northern latitudes during March and April. The only local population of Egretta ardesiaca feeds at Msasani Bay and probably breed in the freshwater swamps adjacent to the now defunct Msasani saltpans, an area of low-lying land unsuitable for building which is, nonetheless, rapidly being urbanized. The offshore island of Mbudya provides safe nest-sites for Platalea alba, Egretta dimorpha and Threskiornis aethiopicus. Sterna dougallii bred on islets off the harbour entrance in the 1960s. There are populations of an Acrocephalus warbler on the offshore islands that may not be Acrocephalus scirpaceus. Records of Acrocephalus griseldis suggest that several winter in coastal scrub near Mbezi Beach and Jangwani Beach wherever there is thick cover and a source of fresh water.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Egretta garzetta||winter||1995||400 individuals||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|Crab-plover Dromas ardeola||winter||1995||700 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis||winter||1982||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Vulnerable|
|Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii||winter||1995||400 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis||winter||1995||500 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii||winter||1995||3,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi||winter||1995||1,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1995||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2013||very high||not assessed||low|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Gezaulole Cultural Tourism Group||1998|
|Youth Vision of Kigamboni||2005|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Baker (1997), Harvey and Howell (1987), Thomas and Elliott (1973).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dar es Salaam coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/05/2016
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