email a friend
printable version
Location Tanzania, Dar es Salaam
Central coordinates 39o 19.00' East  6o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 61,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The city of Dar es Salaam sits on a natural harbour backed by low hills. The IBA runs from the open bay of Ras Kiramoni in the north, up to and including Ndege Beach, to Ras Ndege, east of Mbwamaji village—a total length of 40 km. The inland limit of the site is the high-tide mark, but this is extended in places to include mangroves and salt-workings. To the seaward side the site extends out to the 12 km international limit. This allows inclusion of important feeding grounds for several seabirds which rarely venture inshore of the coral reef. Within the IBA are tidal mudflats, river inlets, saltpans, extensive mangroves, coastal thicket and several offshore islands which create a remarkably diverse coastal environment. With a tidal range of nearly four metres, up to 25 km² of exposed sand and mud can be available to birds at low tide.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egretta garzetta winter  1995  400 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola winter  1995  700 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis winter  1982  2,000 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii winter  1995  400 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis winter  1995  500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii winter  1995  3,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi winter  1995  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1995  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Gezaulole Cultural Tourism Group 1998
Youth Vision of Kigamboni 2005


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   100%
Sea   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Baker (1997), Harvey and Howell (1987), Thomas and Elliott (1973).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dar es Salaam coast. Downloaded from on 21/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife