|Central coordinates||35o 50.00' East 3o 50.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This relatively small lake lies 11 km south-east of Lake Manyara (TZ004) and close to the western border of Tarangire National Park (TZ010). It is a closed lake and so becomes increasingly alkaline during the dry season. It is fed principally by the Tarangire river which rises to the south-east and feeds into the northern end of the lake. The shoreline is heavily grazed and cultivated in some areas, especially on the western boundary. There are no significant trees.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Bird numbers fluctuate widely depending upon rainfall. During years of high rainfall flooded grassland becomes an important feeding site for many waterbirds and considerable numbers may nest when conditions are suitable. There is likely to be a considerable interchange of birds between Lake Burungi and Lake Manyara. Although numbers of Phoenicopterus minor and Phoenicopterus ruber will inevitably fluctuate widely, this lake is an important link in the Rift Valley chain. Taller vegetation is known to hold Crecopsis egregia and Euplectes gierowii.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||1994||4,500 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||winter||1994||34,161 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1994||20,000-49,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||9%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Trapping of birds for international trade.|
References Dodman and Taylor (1995).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Burungi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2016
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