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Location Tanzania, Arusha
Central coordinates 35o 50.00' East  3o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 940 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description This relatively small lake lies 11 km south-east of Lake Manyara (TZ004) and close to the western border of Tarangire National Park (TZ010). It is a closed lake and so becomes increasingly alkaline during the dry season. It is fed principally by the Tarangire river which rises to the south-east and feeds into the northern end of the lake. The shoreline is heavily grazed and cultivated in some areas, especially on the western boundary. There are no significant trees.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Bird numbers fluctuate widely depending upon rainfall. During years of high rainfall flooded grassland becomes an important feeding site for many waterbirds and considerable numbers may nest when conditions are suitable. There is likely to be a considerable interchange of birds between Lake Burungi and Lake Manyara. Although numbers of Phoenicopterus minor and Phoenicopterus ruber will inevitably fluctuate widely, this lake is an important link in the Rift Valley chain. Taller vegetation is known to hold Crecopsis egregia and Euplectes gierowii.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1994  4,500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor winter  1994  34,161 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1994  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   9%
Wetlands (inland)   35%
Grassland   54%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
other -
Notes: Trapping of birds for international trade.

References Dodman and Taylor (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Burungi. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

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