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Location Tanzania, Rukwa,Tabora
Central coordinates 31o 50.00' East  5o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 472,000 ha
Altitude 1,200 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description Ugalla lies 40 km south of the Central Railway and 50 km north-east of Katavi National Park. The Walla river from the north-east and the Katumbiki river from the south-east join in the east central area of the reserve to form the Ugalla river which then flows westwards through the centre of the reserve. The area is mainly miombo woodland with Brachystegia spiciformis, B. longifolia and B. wangermeeana predominating. Julbernardia globiflora is also common, as are the commercially important Pterocarpus angolensis and Afzelia quanzensis. There are extensive grasslands associated with the flood-plain with stands of Afrormosia woodland among raised termite mounds. Average rainfall is 600–750 mm per annum and the river often dries to a series of pools, many of which are permanent. There is little permanent swamp.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus winter  1995  1,896 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1995  922 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa winter  1995  438 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ugala River Game Reserve 50,000,000 protected area contains site 472,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   31%
Shrubland   38%
Grassland   3%
Forest   27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
other -
Notes: Honey gathering.

Other biodiversity A significant population of Loxodonta africana (EN) is associated with the reserve. Both Hippotragus niger (LR/cd) and H. equinus (LR/cd) are seasonally common.

References Baker (1997), Böhm (1884), Britton (1980), Hill and Jones (1994), Mackworth-Praed and Grant (1937), Thomas (1961).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ugalla River Game Reserve. Downloaded from on 31/10/2014

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