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Location Tanzania, Lindi,Morogoro,Pwani
Central coordinates 38o 15.00' East  9o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 5,000,000 ha
Altitude 50 - 1,600m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description To the south-east of the Eastern Arc mountain range the land slopes, relatively gently, towards the coast. The central area of this coastal zone includes the 50,000 km² Selous Game Reserve which is separated from the Udzungwa mountains (TZ011, TZ066) by the valley of the Kilombero river (TZ025) and the Mahenge massif. The Selous is predominately miombo woodland with considerable areas of grassland along drainage lines and large areas of open Terminalia woodland in the north. Within the northern and eastern areas are several medium-sized freshwater lakes and substantial seasonal swamps. The Rufiji river system flows from west to east through the reserve, draining the mountains of the Udzungwa escarpment and the Mahenge massif. The principal rivers flowing into the Rufiji include the Great Ruaha and the Kilombero from the west, the Luwegu, Luhombero and Mbarangandu from the south-west and the Lukuiro complex which drains the Kichi Hills to the east.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. There is no species list for this site. Ardeola idae is a widespread and common winter visitor. Circus macrourus and Falco naumanni have been recorded, while Crex crex (rare) and Acrocephalus griseldis (single record) may occur more frequently than is currently known. The endemic Ploceus burnieri is only known from the area where the Kilombero river forms the north-western boundary of the Selous, but its distribution may extend further into the reserve. A waterbird count in January 1995 included some of the northern lakes and a significant stretch of the Rufiji river, but coverage for the majority of the site is lacking. The Selous is expected to hold important numbers of species such as Gorsachius leuconotus, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, Scotopelia peli and Rynchops flavirostris and may contain seasonally important numbers of many other wetland species. The most northerly breeding site for Pitta angolensis in East Africa is in riverine forest on the south bank of the Rufiji/Kilombero river system. Drainage lines within the miombo woodland provide habitat for the localized Pyrenestes minor and Glareola nuchalis is known in eastern Tanzania only from Siguri Falls along the Luhombero river.

Non-bird biodiversity: The Selous holds more than 50,000 Loxodonta africana (EN). There are a few Diceros bicornis (CR), but the population have been decimated by commercial poaching. The site contains the largest concentration of Syncerus caffer (LR/cd) in Africa and an important population of Lycaon pictus (EN). Panthera leo (VU) also occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae winter  present  A1  Endangered 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
White-headed Lapwing Vanellus albiceps winter  1995  515 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Nyasa Lovebird Agapornis lilianae resident  2000  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stierling's Woodpecker Dendropicos stierlingi resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Pale Batis Batis soror resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Greenbul Phyllastrephus debilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes neglectus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Sunbird Nectarinia shelleyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kilombero Weaver Ploceus burnieri resident  2000  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Olive-headed Weaver Ploceus olivaceiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Zanzibar Bishop Euplectes nigroventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Seedcracker Pyrenestes minor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 medium not assessed low
  unset
-

Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Unknown  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kilombero Valley Floodplain Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 79,673,500 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Selous Game Reserve 440,000,000 is identical to site 5,000,000  
Selous Game Reserve World Heritage Site 4,480,000 is identical to site 5,000,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   23%
Shrubland   33%
Grassland   2%
Forest   40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Baker (1997), Baldus (1987, 1989), Decker (1994), Lerise and Schuler (1988), Matthiessen (1981), Matzke (1976), Mwamfupe et al. (1990), Rodgers (1978), Rodgers and Ludanga (1973), Stronach (1993), Vollesen (1980).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Selous Game Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

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