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Location Tanzania, Iringa,Morogoro
Central coordinates 36o 45.00' East  7o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 199,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 2,576m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The National Park rises to 2,576 m at Mount Luhombero and 2,111 m at Mwanihana. The majority of the park is forested and the eastern escarpment has continuous forest across one of the largest altitudinal ranges in Africa. On the western margins the forest changes to a high grassland plateau, which may in part have been created by agriculturists and be maintained by fire. Before the advent of modern agriculture there was a continuous belt of woodland and forest from the Kilombero valley to the east to the top of the escarpment and on the mountain peaks further to the west. Vehicular access from the west to the high grassland plateau has always been difficult and, apart from the present village of Udekwa, few people have lived in the area in recent times. Average annual rainfall is 2,000–2,500 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Udzungwa Forest-partridge Xenoperdix udzungwensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Eupodotis gindiana resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  2000    Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-collared Lovebird Agapornis personatus resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Corythaixoides leucogaster resident  2000    Least Concern 
Usambara Eagle-owl Bubo vosseleri resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  2000    Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  2000    Least Concern 
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  2000    Least Concern 
Moustached Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  2000    Least Concern 
Uhehe Fiscal Lanius marwitzi resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Churring Cisticola Cisticola njombe resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Apalis Apalis chariessa resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Tailorbird Artisornis metopias resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mrs Moreau's Warbler Bathmocercus winifredae resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  2000    Least Concern 
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Ashy Starling Cosmopsarus unicolor resident  2000    Least Concern 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-chested Alethe Alethe fuelleborni resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dapple-throat Modulatrix orostruthus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Swynnerton's Robin Swynnertonia swynnertoni resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Iringa Akalat Sheppardia lowei resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Olive-flanked Robin-chat Cossypha anomala resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  2000    Least Concern 
Banded Sunbird Anthreptes rubritorques resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Olive-bellied Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia fuelleborni resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Moreau's Sunbird Nectarinia moreaui resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-winged Sunbird Nectarinia rufipennis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Swahili Sparrow Passer suahelicus resident  2000    Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  2000    Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bertrand's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Usambara Weaver Ploceus nicolli resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus whytii resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Kipengere Seedeater Serinus melanochrous resident  2000  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Udzungwa Mountains National Park 19,900,000 is identical to site 199,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   3%
Shrubland   21%
Forest   74%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Occasional firewood collection.

Other biodiversity The park holds populations of six primates, of which Cercocebus galeritus sanjei and Procolobus badius gordonorum are endemic to the Udzungwa mountains. Loxodonta africana (EN) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd) occur, and the forest holds Cephalophus monticola, C. natalensis (LR/cd) and C. spadix (VU).

References Burgess and Clarke (2000), Butyinski et al. (in press), Collar and Stuart (1985), Dinesen et al. (1994), Jensen and Brøgger-Jensen (1992), Lovett and Pócs (1993), Lovett and Wasser (1993), Lovett et al. (1988), Rodgers and Homewood (1982a), Stuart et al. (1987).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Udzungwa National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

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