email a friend
printable version
Location Tanzania, Arusha,Dodoma
Central coordinates 36o 0.00' East  3o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 260,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Tarangire National Park is named after the Tarangire river which flows northwards through the park before discharging into Lake Burungi, which lies just outside the park boundary to the north-west. The rolling hills and swamps are typical of the Masai steppe country to the east and south. The northern sector of the park is dominated by Acacia tortilis woodland and scattered baobab Adansonia trees. Other habitat zones include AcaciaCommiphora and CombretumDalbergia woodland. The extensive swamps are seasonal and well-vegetated with little open water. Mature stands of Balanites aegyptiaca often dominate swamp edge and riverine vegetation. There are few large hills within the park; Lolkisale (2,132 m) lies just to the east with the Sangaiwe Hills and Mount Kwaraha (2,415 m) beyond the western border. Average rainfall is only 600 mm/year.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Marabou Leptoptilos crumenifer winter  10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  present  A1  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola winter  2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Yellow-collared Lovebird Agapornis personatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Tit Parus fringillinus resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-tailed Lark Pseudalaemon fremantlii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nanus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Karamoja Apalis Apalis karamojae resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Pied-babbler Turdoides hypoleuca resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hildebrandt's Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Starling Cosmopsarus unicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Weaver Histurgops ruficaudus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Swahili Sparrow Passer suahelicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speke's Weaver Ploceus spekei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Cordonbleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Silverbill Lonchura griseicapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Grosbeak-canary Serinus buchanani resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tarangire National Park 28,500,000 is identical to site 260,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   16%
Grassland   83%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity An estimated 3,000 elephant Loxodonta africana (EN) are present in the Tarangire ecosystem. Panthera leo (VU) are resident while Lycaon pictus (EN) are frequently observed in the south-east and Acinonyx jubatus (VU) are frequent visitors. The population of the rhino Diceros bicornis (CR) was wiped out by poachers by the mid-1980s.

References Baker (1997), Lamprey (1963, 1964), Tarangire Conservation Project (1997).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tarangire National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife