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Location Tanzania, Mara,Shinyanga
Central coordinates 34o 50.00' East  2o 25.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 1,476,300 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 2,177m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Lying between Lake Victoria to the west and the Eastern Rift Valley, this famous National Park is part of the East African central plateau. The park is bordered to the north by the Masai Mara Reserve (IBA KE050), to the north-west by the Ikorongo Game Reserve. To the south-west the Serengeti borders the extensive Maswa Game Reserve (TZ015) and to the east Ngorongoro Conservation Area (TZ013). Land sloping westward from Ngorongoro is primarily short-grass plains. This habitat gives way to long-grass plains and various forms of wooded and bushed grassland to the west and north, dominated by Acacia thorn-trees. There are extensive thickets of Acacia drepanolobium in the south-west and rich riverine forest along the Grumeti river. Rock kopjes are a feature of the open grassland and rocky hills form ridges in central and western areas. There are few wetlands, but there are many small seasonal rain-fed pools. The park drains westward towards Lake Victoria, the main rivers being the Mbalageti and Grumeti while the larger Mara river passes through the northern section close to the Kenyan border.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-necked Spurfowl Francolinus leucoscepus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-breasted Spurfowl Francolinus rufopictus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor winter  1964  150,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  present  A1  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Lapwing Vanellus melanopterus winter  1998  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus winter  1989  2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni winter  120 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica winter  1990  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus winter  1990  10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Corythaixoides leucogaster resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Usambiro Barbet Trachyphonus usambiro resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey-crested Helmet-shrike Prionops poliolophus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Tit Parus fringillinus resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Short-toed Lark Calandrella somalica resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Short-tailed Lark Pseudalaemon fremantlii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Karamoja Apalis Apalis karamojae resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hildebrandt's Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Weaver Histurgops ruficaudus resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Social-weaver Pseudonigrita cabanisi resident  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swahili Sparrow Passer suahelicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speke's Weaver Ploceus spekei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Cordonbleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Silverbill Lonchura griseicapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1964  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Maswa Game Reserve 22,000,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Ngorongoro Conservation Area 82,880,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Ngorongoro Conservation Area World Heritage Site 809,440 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Serengeti National Park 147,630,000 is identical to site 1,476,300  
Serengeti National Park World Heritage Site 1,476,300 is identical to site 1,476,300  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,305,100 protected area contains site 1,476,300  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   45%
Shrubland   5%
Grassland   42%
Forest   6%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The Serengeti ecosystem holds the largest remaining concentration of large mammals in the world, more than 2.5 million animals. The remaining six individuals of Diceros bicornis (CR) are seriously threatened. There are relatively small populations of Loxodonta africana (EN) and a few Lycaon pictus (EN) may still occur. Panthera leo (VU) and Acinonyx jubatus (VU) are found in reasonable numbers.

References Banyikwa (1989), Dublin (1991), Folse (1982), Mundy et al. (1992), Norton-Griffiths et al. (1975), Pennycuick (1976, 1983), Schmidl (1982), Sinclair (1978), Sinclair and Arcese (1995), Sinclair and Norton-Griffiths (1979), Stronach (1990, 1991)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serengeti National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014

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