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Location Tanzania, Mwanza
Central coordinates 31o 50.00' East  2o 20.00' South
IBA criteria A3, A4i
Area 45,700 ha
Altitude 1,134 - 1,381m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The National Park consists of a main island, 12 much smaller islands and the expanse of water around them. These islands are situated in the south-western corner of Lake Victoria to the north of Emin Pasha Gulf. The islands are forested, with large grassy glades on the main island. The shorelines are a mix of narrow sandy beaches, rock, forest-edge and isolated stands of papyrus Cyperus papyrus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egretta garzetta winter  1995  4,201 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1995  7,697 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rubondo (Luwondo) National Park 4,570,000 is identical to site 45,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   67%
Forest   31%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Small populations of endangered mammals were released on the main island during the 1970s including Diceros bicornis (CR), Loxodonta africana (EN) and Pan trogolodytes (EN). Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) are common on the main island, as is Lutra maculicollis (VU).

References Baker (1997), Rodgers et al. (1979).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rubondo Island National Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife