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Location Slovenia, Dolenjska
Central coordinates 15o 24.00' East  45o 53.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 150 - 159m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Drustvo Za Opazovanje in Proucevanje Ptic Slovenije

Site description Krakovo forest is one of the largest intact examples of lowland alluvial forest to remain in Slovenia. Totally uninhabited and almost untouched by man, it lies in the central Krško valley, on the left bank of the Krka river, between Radulja and Velikovaški potok stream. The Ljubljana-Zagreb highway runs along the northern border of the site. The Krka river draws off upwelling groundwater from the IBA, which is permanently waterlogged, and there are many small streams along the edge of the forest, some of which are regulated. Broadleaved deciduous trees (especially Quercus) dominate the forest. The mean age of trees is 150 years, and the largest Salix alba tree and one of the largest Quercus robur trees in the country occur here. There are also well-preserved marshes, meadows and wet grasslands. Human settlements and intensively farmed land occur outside the IBA.

Key Biodiversity Two specialists of deciduous broadleaved woodland breed in important numbers. A total of 44 certain or probable breeding species have been recorded in the forest and in the immediate surroundings, including numerous nationally important species such as Aquila pomarina (the only known breeding locality in Slovenia).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2000-2010  2-4 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  2011  30-35 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius breeding  2004-2010  200-350 breeding pairs  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  1999  8-15 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis breeding  2006-2008  800-1,000 breeding pairs  B3, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Krakovski gozd Nature Reserve 41 protected area contained by site 41  
Krka - SI3000227 Habitats Directive 1,339 protected area overlaps with site 228  
Toplica - SI3000050 Habitats Directive 8 protected area overlaps with site 1  
Zerjavinski potok - SI3000272 Habitats Directive 46 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  56%
Grassland Humid grasslands  25%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  6%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  12%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
forestry 52%
hunting 9%
nature conservation and research 1%
water management 3%
other 5%

Protection status National Low International None41 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Krakovski gozd, 41 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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