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Location Tanzania, Arusha
Central coordinates 36o 47.82' East  3o 15.48' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 42,000 ha
Altitude 1,400 - 4,565m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Arusha National Park covers the eastern portion of Mount Meru and extends 16 km to the east of the mountain. The site lies to the east of the Rift Valley and to the west of Mount Kilimanjaro (TZ003). The park encompasses a wide variety of habitats including montane forest similar to that on Mount Kilimanjaro, characterized by Diospyros abyssinica, Olea welwitschii, O. hochstetteri and O. africana, and several freshwater and alkaline lakes, ponds and swamps. The IBA also includes lower and mid-altitude forest lying outside the park in Forest Reserves.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa non-breeding  1995  427 individuals  A4i  Near Threatened 
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma non-breeding  1995  800 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis non-breeding  1995  623 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor non-breeding  1992  220,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moustached Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Tit Parus fringillinus resident  2000  present  A1  Least Concern 
Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul Andropadus milanjensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abbott's Starling Cinnyricinclus femoralis resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Robin-chat Cossypha semirufa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moorland Chat Cercomela sordida resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia mediocris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Sunbird Nectarinia reichenowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Citril Serinus hypostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1992  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arusha National Park 3,284,000 is identical to site 13,700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   12%
Forest   87%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Other biodiversity A population of Loxodonta africana (EN) occurs in the park, while Lycaon pictus (EN) is an occasional visitor. The commonest duiker in the forest is Cephalophus harveyi (LR/cd).

References Baker (1997), Beesley (1972), Neuman (1992), TANAPA (1987).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Arusha National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014

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