Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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9o 26.00' East 33o 14.00' North
50 - 220m
Year of IBA assessment
Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
Site description Jbil is the largest National Park in Tunisia. It is situated nearly 100 km south of the town of Kebili. It is an area of the Sahara comprising part of the Great Eastern Erg and a 200-m-high hill. The vegetation is typically Saharan and includes species such as Rhanterium suavolens, Arthrophytum schmittianum, Aristida pungens, Retama raetam, Calligonum arich and C. azel.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. This is only IBA in Tunisia from where Passer simplex has been recorded and one of only two at which Ramphocoris clotbey occurs. In addition, Jbil holds a breeding population of Chlamydotis undulata, very rare in Tunisia.
Non-bird biodiversity: The mammals Gazella dorcas (VU) and G. leptoceros (EN) both occur, but Acinonyx jubatus (VU) probably no longer does so.