email a friend
printable version
Location Tunisia, Kébili
Central coordinates 9o 26.00' East  33o 14.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 50 - 220m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"



Site description Jbil is the largest National Park in Tunisia. It is situated nearly 100 km south of the town of Kebili. It is an area of the Sahara comprising part of the Great Eastern Erg and a 200-m-high hill. The vegetation is typically Saharan and includes species such as Rhanterium suavolens, Arthrophytum schmittianum, Aristida pungens, Retama raetam, Calligonum arich and C. azel.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. This is only IBA in Tunisia from where Passer simplex has been recorded and one of only two at which Ramphocoris clotbey occurs. In addition, Jbil holds a breeding population of Chlamydotis undulata, very rare in Tunisia.

Non-bird biodiversity: The mammals Gazella dorcas (VU) and G. leptoceros (EN) both occur, but Acinonyx jubatus (VU) probably no longer does so.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius breeding  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Lark Rhamphocoris clotbey resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala winter  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans passage  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Warbler Sylvia deserticola winter  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Passer simplex resident  1999  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 not assessed favourable high
  Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Alaemon alaudipes Greater Hoopoe-lark 1 7 individuals 100 favourable
Ammomanes cinctura Bar-tailed Lark 1 5 individuals 100 favourable
Eremophila bilopha Temminck's Lark 1 11 individuals 100 favourable
Passer simplex 1 3 individuals 100 favourable
Bucanetes githagineus Trumpeter Finch 1 14 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Djebel Sahara National Park 15,000 protected area contained by site 15,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Desert dunes  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Chibani (1980), GTZ (1994), Nabli (1989), Nouira and Blanc (1993), Ozenda (1991).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jbil. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife