|Central coordinates||9o 6.00' East 33o 28.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||30 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box for key species. See under Ghidma (site TN042) for the ornithological importance of the small oasis wetlands near Douz. This site, with Ghidma, is probably the most important of these small oasis wetlands, and is one of the most important sites in Tunisia for wintering Marmaronetta angustirostris and for other Palearctic ducks. The abundance of the reeds also makes this a good breeding site for a number of species. Tachybaptus ruficollis, Nycticorax nycticorax, Ixobrychus minutus, Aythya nyroca and Rallus aquaticus have all been recorded in July. In addition, six Sahara–Sindian biome species have been recorded (see Table 2).
Site description Snam is a small reed-fringed lake, 10 km west of Douz alongside the road to Noueil. It is fed by water which runs off from the nearby oasis. Water depth is up to 1 m in winter, but in summer this wetland diminishes in size significantly. The vegetation is composed of Phragmites communis, Tamarix africana and Juncus species.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||-||common [units unknown]||-||Vulnerable|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||-||50-150 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius||breeding||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Freshwater lakes and pools||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Cutting reeds.|
Other biodiversity The ungulate Gazella dorcas (VU) has been recorded.
Management considerations The major threats are intensive hunting and the harvesting of reeds.
References Gaultier (1988a), Hughes et al. (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Snam. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/05/2013
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