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Location Tunisia, Kébili
Central coordinates 9o 6.00' East  33o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 120 ha
Altitude 30 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description Snam is a small reed-fringed lake, 10 km west of Douz alongside the road to Noueil. It is fed by water which runs off from the nearby oasis. Water depth is up to 1 m in winter, but in summer this wetland diminishes in size significantly. The vegetation is composed of Phragmites communis, Tamarix africana and Juncus species.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. See under Ghidma (site TN042) for the ornithological importance of the small oasis wetlands near Douz. This site, with Ghidma, is probably the most important of these small oasis wetlands, and is one of the most important sites in Tunisia for wintering Marmaronetta angustirostris and for other Palearctic ducks. The abundance of the reeds also makes this a good breeding site for a number of species. Tachybaptus ruficollis, Nycticorax nycticorax, Ixobrychus minutus, Aythya nyroca and Rallus aquaticus have all been recorded in July. In addition, six Sahara–Sindian biome species have been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: The ungulate Gazella dorcas (VU) has been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  50-150 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high not assessed negligible
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Unknown  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other -
Notes: Cutting reeds.

References Gaultier (1988a), Hughes et al. (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Snam. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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