|Central coordinates||8o 58.00' East 33o 28.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||30 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Douz Laala is a small thickly vegetated depression, immediately to the south of Snam (site TN041), surrounded by oases and agricultural fields and bounded to the west by fixed sand-dunes. The water is fresh to brackish, and derives from drainage from the surrounding oasis and from winter rainfall, varying in depth, from c.1 m in winter to less than 30 cm in summer. The dominant plants are Phragmites communis, Tamarix africana and Juncus species.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. See under Ghidma (site TN042) for the ornithological importance of the small oasis wetlands near Douz. This site, with its thick vegetation, holds many of the species typical of the Douz oases. Waterbirds recorded include Tachybaptus ruficollis, Egretta garzetta, Tadorna tadorna, Aythya nyroca, Fulica atra, Porphyrio porphyrio, Himantopus himantopus and Charadrius alexandrinus. Between 5–10 pairs of Aythya nyroca were recorded breeding here in 1996. Many passerines, such as Locustella luscinioides and Acrocephalus scirpaceus, occur on spring migration and may stay to breed. In addition, six species of the Sahara–Sindian biome have been recorded at this site (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: Both Gazella dorcas (VU) and G. leptoceros (EN) have been recorded.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||-||120-200 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||breeding||1996||5-10 breeding pairs||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Marmaronetta angustirostris||Marbled Teal||120||600||individuals||100||favourable|
|Aythya nyroca||Ferruginous Duck||5||5||breeding pairs||100||favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||medium|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|AAO/ Tunisian Ornithology Group (GTO)||2000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Cutting reeds.|
References Gaultier (1988a), Hughes et al. (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Douz Laâla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/05/2016
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