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Location Tunisia, Medenine
Central coordinates 10o 48.00' East  33o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 50,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description Boughrara is a large inlet of the sea, between the island of Djerba and the mainland in the southern part of the Gulf of Gabès. It is subject to tidal movement and has extensive tidal mudflats. The vegetation of the surrounding coastline is mainly halophytic.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. See under Kneiss (site TN032) for the ornithological importance of the Gulf of Gabès. Many of the typical species of the Gulf occur in good numbers at Boughrara, including large roosts of Ardea cinerea, Egretta garzetta, Calidris alpina, Sterna caspia, S. hirundo and S. albifrons. The site seems to be of particular importance for Phoenicopterus ruber, as a major site of concentration of first- and second-winter birds, with the possibility that the species breeds on offshore islands. In addition, six species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) and four of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) occur at this site (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  3,000-5,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia winter  200-600 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  100-300 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2,500-5,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus winter  1,000-2,000 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Little Stint Calidris minuta winter  1,500-4,500 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Larus cachinnans winter  1,000-5,000 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei winter  4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2009 medium very unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 3000 5232 individuals 100 favourable
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill 200 433 individuals 100 favourable
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 2500 532 individuals 22 very unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 1000 116 individuals 12 very unfavourable
Calidris minuta Little Stint 1500 1300 individuals 87 near favourable
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull 4000 3118 individuals 78 near favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 20000 21723 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -

References Azafzaf (1999a), Daly Yahia (1993), Kefi (1993), Meininger (1998), van Dijk et al. (1986).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Boughrara. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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