|Central coordinates||10o 34.00' East 33o 39.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is an extensive coastal lagoon with an intertidal area covering 1,600 ha. It is situated on the southern edge of the Gulf of Gabès, 50 km north of the town of Medenine. It is fringed by saltmarshes; the vegetation is therefore predominantly halophytic, dominated by Halocnemum, Salicornia and Suaeda species.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. See under Kneiss (site TN032) for the ornithological importance of the Gulf of Gabès; many of the species recorded there occur at Gourine. The area is important for wintering Larus genei, L. ridibundus and Sterna caspia. There are breeding populations of Larus cachinnans and Sterna albifrons. In addition, six species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) and four of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) occur at this site (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||-||10,000-12,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Larus cachinnans||winter||-||2,000-6,000 individuals||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Phoenicopterus roseus||Greater Flamingo||1325||2500||individuals||100||favourable|
|Platalea leucorodia||Eurasian Spoonbill||120||100||individuals||84||near favourable|
|Phalacrocorax carbo||Great Cormorant||10000||37||individuals||1||very unfavourable|
|Species group - waterbirds||A4iii||20000||8000||individuals||40||unfavourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||medium|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Azafzaf (1999a), Gaultier (1988a), Meininger (1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gourine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2016
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