|Central coordinates||10o 2.00' East 34o 5.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 30m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is situated 14 km south-west of Skhira and 30 km north-west of the town of Gabès. It comprises a sebkhet (about 380 ha), an intertidal area (about 200 ha) and the part of Oued Rimth that crosses Sebkhet Dreïaa and ends into the Gulf of Gabès. The intertidal area is overgrown with Zostera and near the shoreline there is an abundant growth of Halocnemum, Atriplex, Phragmites spp. and Juncus maritimus. Further inland, the vegetation is more sparse and essentially consists of Arthrocnemum sp. while parts of the sebkhet are unvegetated.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. The area is also important for wintering and passage waterbirds, with up to 100 Phalacrocorax carbo, 35–50 Egretta garzetta, 150–200 Platalea leucorodia, 200–250 Tadorna tadorna, 1,400 Anas penelope, 100 A. acuta, Grus grus, Haematopus ostralegus, 7,000–8,000 Calidris alpina, 700 Numenius arquata, 1,070 Tringa totanus, 300–350 Larus fuscus in winter, and breeding Larus cachinnans, Sterna albifrons and, perhaps, some S. hirundo. Up to 14,000 waterbirds occur. In addition, seven species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) have been recorded (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Charadrius alexandrinus||winter||-||700-1,000 individuals||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola||winter||-||1,500-2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||medium|
|Platalea leucorodia||Eurasian Spoonbill||120||120||individuals||100||favourable|
|Numenius arquata||Eurasian Curlew||700||818||individuals||100||favourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|AAO/ Gabes Regional Branch||2000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Hughes et al. (1997), van Dijk et al. (1986).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sebkhet Dreïaa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2015
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