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Location Slovenia, Prekmurje
Central coordinates 16o 10.00' East  46o 47.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 41,710 ha
Altitude 174 - 416m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Drustvo Za Opazovanje in Proucevanje Ptic Slovenije

Site description Gorièko is in the north-easternmost part of Slovenia, on the border with Austria and Hungary. It is a mainly hilly region of Eocene sandstone, traversed by numerous streams, and with lower and flatter land in the eastern part where riverine vegetation and wet meadows are present. In summer the area is very dry. The soil in the east is not fertile, so farming is non-intensive, but is much more fertile in the west, where orchards, vineyards, dry grasslands and small cultivated fields are the main land-uses. Small settlements are common. The area is economically less developed and therefore habitats and wildlife remain in good condition.

Key Biodiversity The traditionally managed habitats support important numbers of several SPECs, as well as many more in less significant numbers, e.g. Coracias garrulus, Lanius minor, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, some of which may meet IBA criteria once quantitative surveys have been made.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2002-2011  4-5 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  2004-2010  7-9 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  1999  210-250 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  1997-1998  180-240 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high very unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Coturnix coturnix Common Quail 375 75 males only 20 very unfavourable
Otus scops Eurasian Scops-owl 230 65 breeding pairs 29 very unfavourable
Upupa epops Common Hoopoe 205 30 breeding pairs 15 very unfavourable
Lullula arborea Wood Lark 210 20 breeding pairs 10 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  15%
Shrubland Scrub  10%
Grassland Mesophile grasslands  30%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
forestry 30%
urban/industrial/transport 20%
unknown 10%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Goričko. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife