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Location Tunisia, Sousse
Central coordinates 10o 24.00' East  35o 34.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 36,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"



Site description The site, the third-largest salt-lake in Tunisia, is located 25 km south-west of Sousse and 20 km east-south-east of Kairouan. It usually dries out in summer, but occasionally retains water all year. Salinity is very high and salt crystals sometimes remain on the substrate even when there is water in the lake. The vegetation is mainly halophytic with Arthrocnemum, Salicornia and Suaeda species as dominants.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The main importance of Sidi el Hani is that it is big enough in very wet years to provide security for Phoenicopterus ruber to nest on the uninhabited islands in the centre. Wintering Grus grus which feed on the surrounding plains may also roost on the water. In very wet years, the salinity of the water may decrease sufficiently to provide wintering habitat for other waterbirds. In addition, three species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) have been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus breeding  500-10,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  500-10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1,000-2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 high favourable negligible
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  Unknown  Unknown  negligible 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
AAO/ Tunisian Ornithology Group (GTO) 2000

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -

References Gaultier (1988a), Hamrouni (1999), Hughes et al. (1997), Thomsen and Jacobsen (1979).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sebkhet Sidi el Hani. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife