Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
email a friend
Sebkhet Sidi el Hani
10o 24.00' East 35o 34.00' North
0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment
Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
Site description The site, the third-largest salt-lake in Tunisia, is located 25 km south-west of Sousse and 20 km east-south-east of Kairouan. It usually dries out in summer, but occasionally retains water all year. Salinity is very high and salt crystals sometimes remain on the substrate even when there is water in the lake. The vegetation is mainly halophytic with Arthrocnemum, Salicornia and Suaeda species as dominants.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The main importance of Sidi el Hani is that it is big enough in very wet years to provide security for Phoenicopterus ruber to nest on the uninhabited islands in the centre. Wintering Grus grus which feed on the surrounding plains may also roost on the water. In very wet years, the salinity of the water may decrease sufficiently to provide wintering habitat for other waterbirds. In addition, three species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) have been recorded (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.