|Central coordinates||9o 54.00' East 35o 35.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description El Houareb reservoir is a man-made water-body built about 20 years ago on the Oued Merguellil, 35 km east of Kairouan, for flood-control and water-supply purposes. Where the river emerges from the Dorsale the reservoir is bordered by higher land, but also has extensive flat shores. It retains the waters which once flowed into Sebkha Kelbia (site TN020). It has an average depth of nearly 20 m, but in periods of poor rainfall, it can remain completely dry for several years on end. The surrounding vegetation is composed mainly of Tamarix africana, Typha angustifolia and Juncus species. The waterplant Potamogeton pectinatus grows commonly in the reservoir and provides the main food-source for wildfowl.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1999||150-620 adults only||unknown||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||1993||1,400 individuals||unknown||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||winter||-||334 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Endangered|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|AAO/ Kairouan Regional Branch||2000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
References Gaultier (1988a), Green (1993), Hughes et al. (1997), Meininger et al. (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Houareb reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife