|Central coordinates||10o 46.00' East 35o 45.00' North|
|Altitude||2 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is (with Thyna, site TN027) one of the only two remaining salt-production plants left in Tunisia following the closure of the Mégrine saltpans (site TN009). Because of the salt-production work, there is a series of shallow pans of varying salinity, where water-levels vary from day to day and attract many waterbirds. The plant is situated between the cities of Monastir and Sousse (with their extensive tourist facilities along the neighbouring beaches), and within a former coastal sebkha, part of which still functions as a saline depression in wet winters. The halophytic vegetation of the sebkha is dominated by Arthrocnemum and Salicornia species.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The area is also important for wintering and passage waterbirds, with up to 1,000 Tadorna tadorna in winter, waders (notably Himantopus himantopus and Recurvirostra avosetta which may breed) and breeding Larus cachinnans, S. albifrons and, perhaps, some S. hirundo.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||-||1,000-3,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great White Egret Ardea alba||winter||-||80-150 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||excess energy - noise pollution||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Transportation and service corridors||flight paths||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Phoenicopterus roseus||Greater Flamingo||1325||582||individuals||44||unfavourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Gaultier (1986, 1988a, 1989), Hamrouni (1999), Hughes et al. (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Salines de Monastir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/05/2016
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