email a friend
printable version
Location Tunisia, Monastir
Central coordinates 10o 46.00' East  35o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 1,000 ha
Altitude 2 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description The site is (with Thyna, site TN027) one of the only two remaining salt-production plants left in Tunisia following the closure of the Mégrine saltpans (site TN009). Because of the salt-production work, there is a series of shallow pans of varying salinity, where water-levels vary from day to day and attract many waterbirds. The plant is situated between the cities of Monastir and Sousse (with their extensive tourist facilities along the neighbouring beaches), and within a former coastal sebkha, part of which still functions as a saline depression in wet winters. The halophytic vegetation of the sebkha is dominated by Arthrocnemum and Salicornia species.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The area is also important for wintering and passage waterbirds, with up to 1,000 Tadorna tadorna in winter, waders (notably Himantopus himantopus and Recurvirostra avosetta which may breed) and breeding Larus cachinnans, S. albifrons and, perhaps, some S. hirundo.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1,000-3,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  80-150 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 medium unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 1325 582 individuals 44 unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -

References Gaultier (1986, 1988a, 1989), Hamrouni (1999), Hughes et al. (1997).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Salines de Monastir. Downloaded from on 01/12/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife