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Location Slovenia, Étajerska
Central coordinates 15o 55.00' East  46o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 125,700 ha
Altitude 172 - 291m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Drustvo Za Opazovanje in Proucevanje Ptic Slovenije



Site description The River Drava is the largest river to flow through Slovenia. Due to numerous development schemes in the past, the river and its flood-plains are now one of the most ecologically degraded waterways in the country. The IBA is located between Maribor and Središèe ob Dravi on the Croatian border. Along this section the river is exploited in full, with large reservoirs and associated channels dividing up the entirety of the riverine countryside. Between the reservoirs (Ptujsko jezero, Ormoško jezero) there are still some large flood-plains which are periodically inundated. Flooded woodlands with meadows and wet grasslands are also present.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1990-1999  100-1,800 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1990-1999  max 700 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula winter  1995-1999  1,500-3,500 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  1997-2011  40-150 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Common Merganser Mergus merganser winter  2002-2010  75-280 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata winter  2000-2010  5-30 individuals  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2000-2010  5-7 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Egret Casmerodius albus winter  2000-2010  70-210 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta passage  2007-2010  50-120 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus winter  2008-2010  150-380 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus passage  2002-2011  260-1,700 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus winter  2000-2010  15-30 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus passage  2000-2010  190-390 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  2000-2010  2 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus breeding  2001-2009  2-19 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus breeding  2000-2010  100-200 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola passage  2000-2010  3,700-5,400 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Ruff Philomachus pugnax passage  2000-2010  2,000-2,900 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis passage  2008-2010  10,000-20,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus passage  2003-2011  23,300-30,200 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Little Gull Larus minutus passage  2009-2010  1,100-3,200 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1999-2010  80-145 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger passage  2008-2010  3,500-16,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  2006-2010  18-35 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis breeding  2000-2010  300-420 breeding pairs  B3, C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2002-2010  20,000-30,000 individuals  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bresternica - nasad eksot (Bresternica - plantation of exotic plants) Monument of formed / modelled nature 5 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Brezje - Pticji gozd, Gaj - ornitolo Nature Monument 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Drava - SI3000220 Habitats Directive 3,623 protected area overlaps with site 3,609  
Drava - SI5000011 Birds Directive 9,007 protected area contained by site 9,007  
Drava - stara struga, hidrolo Nature Monument 268 protected area contained by site 268  
Duple Nature Monument 15 protected area overlaps with site 14  
Haloze - vinorodne - SI3000117 Habitats Directive 6,299 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Kamnica - Huzarski skok - povr Nature Monument 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Krajinski Park Drava Landscape Park 2,175 protected area contained by site 2,175  
Krajinski park Kamen Landscape Park 848 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Krajinski Park Mariborsko jezero Landscape Park 200 protected area contained by site 200  
Krajinski Park Sturmovec Landscape Park 215 protected area contained by site 215  
Mariborski otok - povr Nature Monument 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Meljski hrib Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 7  
Miklav Nature Monument 19 protected area contained by site 19  
Naravni in gozdni rezervat Zlatolicje Nature and Forest Reserve 122 protected area contained by site 122  
Naravni rezervat Struga Nature Reserve 10 protected area contained by site 10  
Rezervat Ormosko jezero Nature Reserve 110 protected area contained by site 110  
Središèe ob Dravi - Hrašèica - SI3000150 Habitats Directive 161 protected area contained by site 161  
Vurberg - obmocje gradu Monument of formed / modelled nature 19 protected area overlaps with site 17  
xx Unknown 25 protected area contained by site 25  
Zgornja Drava s pritoki - SI3000172 Habitats Directive 5,949 protected area overlaps with site 1,321  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  9%
Grassland   5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  14%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  46%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 52%
forestry 95%
hunting -
nature conservation and research 18%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Partial International None2,595 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Parks (Stara Drava, 2,150 ha; Šturmovci, 280 ha), Natural Monument (Ormoško jezero, 140 ha) and smaller protected areas (25 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: River Drava. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife