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Location Tunisia, Nabeul
Central coordinates 10o 30.00' East  36o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 600 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description The site is on the coast at the base of the Cap Bon peninsula, between the town of Soliman and the sea, at the mouth of the Oued el Melah. Habitats includes flood-plain (much reclaimed for agriculture), saltmarsh, springs, former saltpans and an inlet of the sea. The vegetation is mainly halophytic, with Arthrocnemum and Salicornia species dominating. It is the first wetland on the North African coast for birds migrating from the north in autumn.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The area holds a wide variety of waterbirds. Breeding birds include Marmaronetta angustirostris, as well as Himantopus himantopus and Glareola pratincola. During the passage season, there are good numbers of herons, Plegadis falcinellus and several thousand waders of many species including several hundred Tringa stagnatilis, together with Charadrius hiaticula, Pluvialis apricaria, Vanellus vanellus, Limosa limosa and Numenius arquata. There is a major roost of gulls and terns (Laridae), and wintering birds include Phoenicopterus ruber and several ducks.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  50-220 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei winter  500-1,600 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 medium very unfavourable low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Species group - waterbirds A4iii 20000 2126 individuals 11 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Saltpans  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport -

References Gaultier (1986, 1987b, 1988a), Hughes et al. (1997), Meininger et al. (1994).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Soliman. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife