|Central coordinates||10o 30.00' East 36o 42.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is on the coast at the base of the Cap Bon peninsula, between the town of Soliman and the sea, at the mouth of the Oued el Melah. Habitats includes flood-plain (much reclaimed for agriculture), saltmarsh, springs, former saltpans and an inlet of the sea. The vegetation is mainly halophytic, with Arthrocnemum and Salicornia species dominating. It is the first wetland on the North African coast for birds migrating from the north in autumn.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The area holds a wide variety of waterbirds. Breeding birds include Marmaronetta angustirostris, as well as Himantopus himantopus and Glareola pratincola. During the passage season, there are good numbers of herons, Plegadis falcinellus and several thousand waders of many species including several hundred Tringa stagnatilis, together with Charadrius hiaticula, Pluvialis apricaria, Vanellus vanellus, Limosa limosa and Numenius arquata. There is a major roost of gulls and terns (Laridae), and wintering birds include Phoenicopterus ruber and several ducks.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||-||50-220 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Slender-billed Gull Larus genei||winter||-||500-1,600 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Saltpans||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Gaultier (1986, 1987b, 1988a), Hughes et al. (1997), Meininger et al. (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Soliman. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/10/2015
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