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Location Tunisia, Nabeul
Central coordinates 10o 56.00' East  36o 51.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 200 ha
Altitude 25 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description Mlaâbi reservoir is a small, man-made water-body behind a dam built across a modest watercourse, for irrigation of local agriculture, near the northern tip of Cap Bon, just north of the town of Menzel Temime. Water-levels vary as water is extracted, so there is little permanent vegetation; small areas of Typha angustifolia, Tamarix and Juncus species are found. It is one of several similar reservoirs at the tip of Cap Bon which form important stop-over points for migrating birds, not only waterbirds, since the drainage of Garaet el Haouaria.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. It is suspected that Oxyura leucocephala (12–80 pairs) and Marmaronetta angustirostris breed. Other species that occur during passage and winter include Podiceps cristatus, Anas platyrhynchos, A. clypeata, A. acuta, Aythya ferina, A. nyroca, Fulica atra, Himantopus himantopus, Glareola pratincola, Charadrius dubius, C. alexandrinus, Calidris minuta, Tringa totanus, T. nebularia, T. glareola and T. hypoleucos.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala resident  12-80 breeding pairs  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2009 medium favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck 1 1 individuals 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Artificial wetlands  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -

References Gaultier (1987b, 1988a), Hughes et al. (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mlaâbi reservoir. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife