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Location Tunisia, Nabeul
Central coordinates 11o 1.00' East  37o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4iv
Area 1,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 393m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description Djebel el Haouaria is situated on the northern point of the Cap Bon peninsula in the extreme north-east of the country. The low peak (393 m) of El Haouaria is the northernmost mountain at the end of the Dorsale range. It supports a Mediterranean maquis vegetation of Olea europaea, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis and Cistus monspeliensis.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Birds which have wintered in Africa and are moving back to breeding grounds in Europe concentrate here for the short sea-crossing to Sicily, particularly large, soaring birds which avoid long sea-crossings. The site is comparable in importance to Gibraltar and the Bosphorus. Annually between March–May some 20,000–40,000 raptors of 24 species, including Circus macrourus and Falco naumanni overfly the site, as do significant numbers of Ciconia ciconia, C. nigra, Grus grus, Asio otus, Asio flammeus, Otus scops, Coturnix coturnix and Oriolus oriolus. Raptors breeding on the cliffs include Buteo rufinus cirtensis, Falco peregrinus, F. biarmicus and F. tinnunculus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Djebel el Haouaria hosts one of the most important colonies of bats in Tunisia, including Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum (LR/cd).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1999  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1975-1995  20,000-40,000 individuals  good  A4iv   

IBA Monitoring

2001 medium favourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Coastline   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Grotte de Chauve souris d'El Haouaria Natural Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
AAO/ Cap Bon Regional Branch 2000


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sea cliffs & rocky shores  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
nature conservation and research -

References Azafzaf (1995), Gaultier (1987a, 1988a), Hein and Kisling (1994), Ministère de l’Agriculture, Direction Générale des Forêts (2000), Thiollay (1975, 1977), Thomsen and Jacobsen (1979).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Djebel el Haouaria. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife