Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Zembra and Zembretta Islands
10o 48.00' East 37o 6.00' North
A1, A4ii, A4iii
120 - 435m
Year of IBA assessment
Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
Site description Located in the eastern part of the Gulf of Tunis, to the west of Cap Bon, Zembra island is situated about 15 km west-north-west of the town of El Haouaria. It is a mountainous island rising to 435 m, and is a seaward extension of the Dorsale. The vegetation is Mediterranean maquis and a total of 230 plant species have been recorded, with Olea europaea, Pistacia lentiscus, Arbutus unedo and Erica multiflora as dominants. The vegetation of the small, neighbouring island of Zembretta is halophytic.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Zembra holds the largest known breeding colony of Calonectris diomedea in the Mediterranean Sea. The 9 km of cliffs of the island also hold 10 breeding pairs of Falco peregrinus, one of the highest densities known for this species. Other breeding birds include Larus audouinii (10 pairs), Phalacrocorax aristotelis and Larus cachinnans (100 pairs).
Non-bird biodiversity: The seal Monachus monachus (CR) was last recorded in 1975.
References Association Les Amis des Oiseaux (2000), Association Les Amis des Oiseaux and Medmaravis (1995), Azafzaf (2000), Ben Maïz and Boudouresque (1984), Ben Saad (1984), Centre d’Activites Regionales pour les Aires Spécialement Protégées (1986), Gaultier (1978, 1982, 1980), Hollis (1986), Ministère de l’Environnement et de l’Aménagement du Territoire (1999), Oueslati (1995), Smart (1975).
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BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zembra and Zembretta Islands. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2016
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife