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Location Slovenia, Primorska
Central coordinates 13o 39.00' East  45o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 1,390 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Drustvo Za Opazovanje in Proucevanje Ptic Slovenije

Site description On the Slovenia-Croatia border, this is one of the largest areas of salinas on the Adriatic Sea. The major part lies in Slovenia. Desert-like areas are frequently flooded by seawater or brackish water. Salt-tolerant invertebrates are common, and up to 16 species of salt-tolerant plants are present. Most of the salinas (Fontanigge) were abandoned after the Second World War, but a smaller part (Lera), covering some 5-10% of the site, is still active in producing salt.

Key Biodiversity Important numbers of migratory and post-breeding Larus melanocephalus and Larus cachinnans congregate at the saltpans, and the adjacent sea is a migration route for significantly large numbers of Puffinus yelkouan. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (3-23 birds at the pans in winter; numbers have been increasing), Acrocephalus paludicola (rare on passage, max. 1). The salinas are also notable nationally for their concentrations of waders on passage, for some breeding waterbirds and for wintering wildfowl, gulls and herons.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egretta garzetta passage  2000-2010  100-300 individuals  C6  Not Recognised 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis winter  2006-2010  150 individuals  C6  Least Concern 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis passage  2006-2010  1,000-1,200 individuals  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2003-2009  18-52 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  2010-2011  6-12 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  2004-2009  28-62 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Larus michahellis passage  2003-2009  15,000-25,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus passage  1990-1999  3,000-10,000 individuals  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  2000-2009  40-70 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2005-2009  25-35 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2003-2010  15,000-25,000 individuals  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Reka Dragonja s pritoki (River Dragonja and its tributaries) Nature Monument 24 protected area overlaps with site 10  
Secoveljske soline (Secovlje salt pans) Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 650 protected area contained by site 650  
Seèoveljske soline Landscape Park 850 protected area overlaps with site 683  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  70%
Sea Open Sea  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 15%
nature conservation and research 5%
tourism/recreation 15%
not utilised 65%

Protection status National High International Partial835 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Park (Seèovljske soline, 850 ha). 650 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Seèovljske soline [Seèovlje saltpans], 650 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sečovlje saltpans. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife