|Central coordinates||8o 56.00' East 37o 32.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 391m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Galite archipelago is situated 40 km off the coast of Tunisia, 45 km north-west of Cap Serrat and 64 km north-east of the town of Tabarka. The archipelago is dominated by the T-shaped main island of Galite (650 ha), which is 5.4 km long and c.950 m wide at the narrowest point and 2.5 km at the widest. About 2.5 km to the south-west of Galite is the low-lying islet of La Fauchelle (14 ha). The islet of Galiton lies only 50 m west of La Fauchelle, has an area of 27 ha and is topped by a lighthouse. A trio of small islets, the Ilôts de Chiens, lie 1.6 km north of Galite. The largest of these is less than 9 ha, but reaches an altitude of 119 m. Much of Galite is covered by ‘diss’, Ampelodesma mauritanicus, a low grass that grows densely on hills. Elsewhere, the maquis vegetation grows so densely in places, particularly in valleys in the north-west of Galite, as to be impenetrable. Dominant species include Pistacia lentiscus, Olea europaea, Tamarix africana, Laurus nobilis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Scilla maritima, Cynara scolymus and Ceratonia siliqua.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae||breeding||1999||140 breeding pairs||unknown||A3, A4ii||Least Concern|
|Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii||breeding||-||40 breeding pairs||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Archipel de la Galite||Nature Reserve||450||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Galiton||Barcelona Convention||450||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|AAO/ Tunisian Ornithology Group (GTO)||2000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Rock stacks & islets; Sea cliffs & rocky shores||major|
|Shrubland||Bushland & thicket - Mediterranean||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity The seal Monachus monachus (CR) used to occur, but has not been seen since 1986. The scorpion Euscorpus flavicaudis, confined to a number of Mediterranean islands, is present.
References Association Les Amis des Oiseaux and Medmaravis (1995), Association Les Amis des Oiseaux (2000), Azafzaf (2000), Gaultier (1977), Ministère de l’Agriculture, Direction Générale des Forêts (2000), Ministère de l’Environnement et de l’Aménagement du Territoire (1999), Nouira (1995), Oueslati (1995).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Galite archipelago. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014
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