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Location Tunisia, Bizerte
Central coordinates 8o 56.00' East  37o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4ii
Area 700 ha
Altitude 0 - 391m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"

Site description The Galite archipelago is situated 40 km off the coast of Tunisia, 45 km north-west of Cap Serrat and 64 km north-east of the town of Tabarka. The archipelago is dominated by the T-shaped main island of Galite (650 ha), which is 5.4 km long and c.950 m wide at the narrowest point and 2.5 km at the widest. About 2.5 km to the south-west of Galite is the low-lying islet of La Fauchelle (14 ha). The islet of Galiton lies only 50 m west of La Fauchelle, has an area of 27 ha and is topped by a lighthouse. A trio of small islets, the Ilôts de Chiens, lie 1.6 km north of Galite. The largest of these is less than 9 ha, but reaches an altitude of 119 m. Much of Galite is covered by ‘diss’, Ampelodesma mauritanicus, a low grass that grows densely on hills. Elsewhere, the maquis vegetation grows so densely in places, particularly in valleys in the north-west of Galite, as to be impenetrable. Dominant species include Pistacia lentiscus, Olea europaea, Tamarix africana, Laurus nobilis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Scilla maritima, Cynara scolymus and Ceratonia siliqua.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Breeding species include Larus audouinii (40 pairs), as well as Calonectris diomedea (fewer than 100 pairs), Phalacrocorax aristotelis (10 pairs), Larus cachinnans (500 pairs), Falco peregrinus and F. tinnunculus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The seal Monachus monachus (CR) used to occur, but has not been seen since 1986. The scorpion Euscorpus flavicaudis, confined to a number of Mediterranean islands, is present.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1999  140 breeding pairs  unknown  A3, A4ii  Least Concern 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii breeding  40 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 low favourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Coastline   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Unknown  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Archipel de la Galite Nature Reserve 450 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Galiton Barcelona Convention 450 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
AAO/ Tunisian Ornithology Group (GTO) 2000


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Rock stacks & islets; Sea cliffs & rocky shores  major
Grassland   major
Shrubland Bushland & thicket - Mediterranean  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -

References Association Les Amis des Oiseaux and Medmaravis (1995), Association Les Amis des Oiseaux (2000), Azafzaf (2000), Gaultier (1977), Ministère de l’Agriculture, Direction Générale des Forêts (2000), Ministère de l’Environnement et de l’Aménagement du Territoire (1999), Nouira (1995), Oueslati (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Galite archipelago. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife