|Location||French Southern Territories, Îles Saint Paul and Amsterdam|
|Central coordinates||77o 33.00' East 37o 50.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4ii|
|Altitude||450 - 742m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This plateau covers the highest part of Amsterdam in the centre-west of the island. The plateau is an ancient lava-flow now almost entirely covered with waterlogged peatbog. A number of craters are scattered across the site. Cats, rats and mice are present. The only human habitation on the island, a scientific research station which annually houses 20 or so scientists, is situated 3 km north of the site. The site itself is visited monthly, mostly for ornithological surveys.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. This is the only site at which the Critically endangered Diomedea amsterdamensis breeds. This species has a biennial breeding system such that each year an average of 20 pairs breed in a loose colony on the plateau. The total population of the species is approximately 150 individuals. The only other bird species present is Catharacta antarctica, of which 39 pairs breed.
Non-bird biodiversity: Ten species of endemic arthropod, one endemic fern and four endemic vascular plant species occur.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Amsterdam Albatross Diomedea amsterdamensis||breeding||1999||21 breeding pairs||-||A1, A4ii||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Antarctique francaise||National Park||36,700||protected area contains site||800|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References Brothers (1991), Jouventin (1994), Jouventin and Micol (1992), Jouventin and Roux (1985), Jouventin et al. (1984, 1988, 1996), Micol and Jouventin (1995), Roux et al. (1983), Weimerskirch and Jouventin (1997), Weimerskirch et al. (1997), Worthy and Jouventin (1999).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Plateau des Tourbières. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014
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