email a friend
printable version
Location Slovenia, Gorenjska,Primorska
Central coordinates 13o 46.00' East  46o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3, C6
Area 89,210 ha
Altitude 190 - 2,864m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Drustvo Za Opazovanje in Proucevanje Ptic Slovenije

Site description The only National Park in Slovenia, Triglav National Park (TNP) includes almost all of the Julian Alps, and is named after the highest Slovenian mountain, Triglav, which is located inside the park. The core of the park consists of all the high mountain crests, peaks and glacier valleys. The area also includes two forested plateaus, Pokljuka and Mežakla, as well as Bohinj lake, the largest lake (c.300 ha) in Slovenia, and several smaller high-mountain glacier lakes. Two of the longest rivers in Slovenia, Soèa and Sava, rise in the park. There are 24 settlements and hamlets in the area, with a resident population of 2,200. Triglav National Park is also important for its cultural heritage, especially the folk architecture of alpine villages and the traditional highland pastures. About 63% of the park is state property, but this is expected to be reduced to 10-20% after denationalization claims have been concluded, when private ownership will predominate, and c.20% will return to the hands of the farming community. The park is managed by `Zavod TNP' which developed from the game-hunting reservation `Zavod za gojitev divjadi Triglav'. Commercial hunting is still an important source of income for the park.

Key Biodiversity The site supports internationally important numbers of 15 SPECs of woodland and mountain, as well as 4-5 of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the Eurasian high-montane biome (when breeding). Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Crex crex (4-10 pairs, based on diurnal surveys only). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Lanius collurio (100-300 pairs). During 1991-1995 the ornithological atlas of TNP recorded 115 species, of which 81 were confirmed breeders, 22 probable and 11 possible, with one non-breeding summer visitor, and 85 species in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia breeding  2002-2010  200-400 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1991-1996  300-1,000 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  2002-2011  140-200 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta breeding  1997-2010  250-400 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca breeding  2002-2010  200-300 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2006-2011  10-14 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  2005-2010  15-25 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  2008-2011  50-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  2002-2010  100-150 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus breeding  2002-2011  100-200 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus breeding  1991-1996  100-300 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  1991-1996  30-100 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus breeding  1991-1996  1,000-3,000 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva breeding  1991-2005  30-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  2002-2010  100-150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis breeding  1991-1996  100-300 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2002-2010  500-1,500 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia breeding  2002-2010  400-500 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  65%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Mesophile grasslands  25%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 30%
nature conservation and research 90%
tourism/recreation 30%
hunting 50%

Protection status National High International None84,805 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Triglavski narodni park, 84,805 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Julijci. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife